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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular evidence of symbiotic activity between Symbiodinium and Tridacna maxima larvae

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Mies, Miguel ; Van Sluys, M. A. ; Metcalfe, C. J. ; Sumida, P. Y. G.
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SYMBIOSIS; v. 72, n. 1, p. 13-22, MAY 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae) provide the photosynthesis that sustains the majority of primary production in coral reefs. They occur symbiotically with several phyla, including mollusks such as giant clams (Tridacna spp.). This mutualistic association is obligatory for the giant clams, but the exact point in which this symbiosis is established and the main translocated photosynthate are unknown. In this study, we tracked the expression of specific genes for symbiosis and glycerol synthesis during a time course experiment. Giant clam larvae were raised until 75 h post-fertilization and then infected with cultured isolates of Symbiodinium clade A3. Expression of symbiosis-specific and housekeeping genes was monitored at four time points. The expression of H+-ATPase, a symbiosis-specific gene in Symbiodinium, was observed at 24 h after symbiont acquisition by the clam larvae. The expression of an enzyme responsible for glycerol synthesis was also observed. Together, these results show that the symbiotic relationship was already in place 24 h after Symbiodinium acquisition, during veliger larval stage. This is the first report using a molecular symbiosis-specific marker that supports symbiotic activity between Symbiodinium and a metazoan larva of an organism that acquires symbionts horizontally. From the expression of the glycerol-synthesizing gene, it was qualitatively determined that Symbiodinium cells may produce glycerol regardless of whether they are free-living or in symbiosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/20350-8 - Acidification effects on the benthic metabolism and trophodynamics
Grantee:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants