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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Neogene-Quaternary fault reactivation influences coastal basin sedimentation and landform in the continental margin of NE Brazil

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Author(s):
Lima, Jean C. F. ; Bezerra, Francisco H. R. ; Rossetti, Dilce F. ; Barbosa, Jose A. ; Medeiros, Walter E. ; de Castro, David L. ; Vasconcelos, David L.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL; v. 438, n. A, p. 92-107, MAY 5 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

We investigate the role of reactivation of Precambrian basement fabric in the tectono-sedimentary and geomorphological evolution of the Paraiba Basin, continental margin of northeastern Brazil, during the Cretaceous, Neogene, and Quaternary. This basin represents part of the last bridge between South America and Africa before the last breakup stage of the South Atlantic rifting in the early Cretaceous. The Paraiba Basin infill is composed of siliciclastic and carbonate Cretaceous units, as well as aeolian, fluvial and marine Quaternary units. We used shuttle radar imagery, aeromagnetic, wellbore and field data. The reduced-to-the-pole magnetic map (RTP) indicates the continuity of the steeply dipping Precambrian basement shear zones beneath the Paraiba Basin. The combined analysis of surface and subsurface data shows that NE-SW and E-W-striking shear zones were subjected to brittle reactivation in the Aptian Middle Albian during the basin opening and again in the Neogene Quaternary, forming a system of horsts and grabens along the basin; some of these structures such as the E-W-oriented Pernambuco shear zone present modern-day seismicity. N-S- and mainly NW-SE-striking transfer faults cut across Aptian Middle Albian to Neogene Quaternary strata. These four main fault directions control main river channels and alluvial valleys up to 2 km wide. Topographic breaks up to 50 m were created by late reactivation of rift faults, which mark the boundary between horsts and grabens along the basin. In addition, structural data evidence syn-tectonic faulting with vertical offsets up to 80 m in the Cretaceous and up to 70 m in the Neogene Quaternary. We conclude that shear zones across the study area are long-lived structures that have behaved as weakness zones. Their neotectonic brittle reactivation has controlled sediment deposition and landform development, which continued through the Neogene Quaternary. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/06010-5 - Post-rift tectonosedimentary evolution of the Paraíba basin, Northeastern Brazil
Grantee:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Support type: Regular Research Grants