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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Reproductive disorders in female rats after prenatal exposure to betamethasone

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Author(s):
Borges, Cibele S. ; Pacheco, Taina L. ; Guerra, Marina T. ; Barros, Aline L. ; Silva, Patricia V. ; Missassi, Gabriela ; da Silva, Katiussia Pinho ; Anselmo-Franci, Janete A. ; Pupo, Andre S. ; Kempinas, Wilma De G.
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY; v. 37, n. 9, p. 1065-1072, SEP 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Betamethasone is the drug of choice for antenatal treatment, promoting fetal lung maturation and decreasing mortality. Previous studies in rats reported male programming and alteration in sperm parameters and sexual behavior following intrauterine betamethasone exposure. The impact on the female reproductive development is not known. In this study, rat female offspring was assessed for sexual development, morphophysiology of the reproductive tract and fertility after maternal exposure to 0.1mg kg(-1) of betamethasone or vehicle on gestational days 12, 13, 18 and 19. The treatment promoted reduction of litter weight on postnatal day 1, morphological masculinization in females, delay in the age of puberty onset, reduction in estrus number, increase in estrous cycle length and increase in luteinizing hormone serum levels and uterus weight. The females from the betamethasone group showed an increase of myometrial uterine area and decrease in endometrial uterine area. These animals also performed less lordosis during the sexual behavior test and showed impaired reproductive performance. The uterus showed higher contraction in the treated group as shown by a pharmacological assay. In conclusion, prenatal betamethasone exposure in rats promoted female masculinization, altered sexual development and reproductive parameters. Copyright (C) 2017 John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/25350-1 - Effects of in utero betamethasone exposure on male rats reproductive parameters, with emphasis on sperm quality and fertility: a multigenerational approach
Grantee:Cibele dos Santos Borges
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/13660-1 - Effects of in utero exposure to betamethasone on puberty instalation and reproductive parameters of Female Wistar rats
Grantee:Tainá Louise Pacheco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation