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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

SNR (Signal-To-Noise Ratio) Impact on Water Constituent Retrieval from Simulated Images of Optically Complex Amazon Lakes

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Author(s):
Jorge, Daniel S. F. ; Barbosa, Claudio C. F. ; De Carvalho, Lino A. S. ; Affonso, Adriana G. ; Lobo, Felipe De L. ; Novo, Evlyn M. L. De M.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: REMOTE SENSING; v. 9, n. 7 JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Uncertainties in the estimates of water constituents are among the main issues concerning the orbital remote sensing of inland waters. Those uncertainties result from sensor design, atmosphere correction, model equations, and in situ conditions (cloud cover, lake size/shape, and adjacency effects). In the Amazon floodplain lakes, such uncertainties are amplified due to their seasonal dynamic. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the suitability of a sensor to cope with them and assess their impact on the algorithms for the retrieval of constituents. The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of the SNR on the Chl-a and TSS algorithms in four lakes located at Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve (Amazonia, Brazil). Two data sets were simulated (noisy and noiseless spectra) based on in situ measurements and on sensor design (MSI/Sentinel-2, OLCI/Sentinel-3, and OLI/Landsat 8). The dataset was tested using three and four algorithms for TSS and Chl-a, respectively. The results showed that the impact of the SNR on each algorithm displayed similar patterns for both constituents. For additive and single band algorithms, the error amplitude is constant for the entire concentration range. However, for multiplicative algorithms, the error changes according to the model equation and the R-rs magnitude. Lastly, for the exponential algorithm, the retrieval amplitude is higher for a low concentration. The OLCI sensor has the best retrieval performance (error of up to 2 mu g/L for Chl-a and 3 mg/L for TSS). For MSI, the error of the additive and single band algorithms for TSS and Chl-a are low (up to 5 mg/L and 1 mu g/L, respectively); but for the multiplicative algorithm, the errors were above 10 mu g/L. The OLI simulation resulted in errors below 3 mg/L for TSS. However, the number and position of OLI bands restrict Chl-a retrieval. Sensor and algorithm selection need a comprehensive analysis of key factors such as sensor design, in situ conditions, water brightness (R-rs), and model equations before being applied for inland water studies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/23903-9 - Bio-optical spatio-temporal characterization and development of analytical algorithms for the systematic monitoring of water masses circulating on the floodplain of medium and lower Amazon
Grantee:Cláudio Clemente Faria Barbosa
Support type: Regular Research Grants