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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Basal core promoter and precore mutations among hepatitis B virus circulating in Brazil and its association with severe forms of hepatic diseases

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Florencio Chacha, Silvana Gama ; Soares Gomes-Gouvea, Michele ; Malta, Fernanda de Mello ; Ferreira, Sandro da Costa ; Villanova, Mrcia Guimaraes ; Souza, Fernanda Fernandes ; Teixeira, Andreza Correa ; da Costa Passos, Afonso Dinis ; Rebello Pinho, Joao Renato ; Candolo Martinelli, Ana de Lourdes
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz; v. 112, n. 9, p. 626-631, SEP 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

BACKGROUND In Brazil, few studies have investigated the prevalence of infection with the precore (PC) and basal core promoter (BCP) mutants of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). OBJECTIVES This study aimed to analyse the frequency of PC and BCP mutations among patients infected with HBV and to evaluate the association between the variants and advanced hepatic disease. METHODS A total of 161 patients infected with HBV were studied. To identify PC and BCP mutations, a 501-bp fragment of HBV DNA was amplified and sequenced. FINDINGS PC and BCP regions from HBV strains were successfully amplified and sequenced in 129 and 118 cases, respectively. PC and BCP mutations were detected in 61.0% and 80.6% of the cases, respectively. The A1762T/G1764A variant was identified in 36.7% of the patients with grade 1 and 2 liver fibrosis (29/79) and in 81.8% of the patients with grade 3 and 4 liver fibrosis (9/11) (p < 0.01); in 76.9% of the patients with cirrhosis (10/13) and in 38.1% of the patients without cirrhosis (40/105) (p = 0.01); and in 77.8% of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (7/9) and in 39.4% of the patients without HCC (43/109) (p = 0.03). MAIN CONCLUSIONS A high prevalence of HBV PC and BCP mutants was found. The A1762T/G1764A variant was independently associated with advanced forms of liver fibrosis, hepatic cirrhosis, and HCC. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/11472-2 - Study of the role of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes on clinical outcome, severity of liver disease and response to treatment in chronic HBV infection
Grantee:Ana de Lourdes Candolo Martinelli
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/53946-3 - Acquisition of a genetic analyzer for automated DNA sequencing
Grantee:João Renato Rebello Pinho
Support Opportunities: Multi-user Equipment Program