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Phenotipic and molecular characterization of attenuated strains of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium

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Author(s):
Meiriele da Silva das Neves
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Biologia
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gerson Nakazato; Cristina Elisa Alvarez Martinez
Advisor: Marcelo Brocchi
Abstract

The genus Salmonella belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family that comprises Gram-negative bacillus, facultative anaerobe, fermenting and generally flagellate. S. enterica is one of the most prevalent food-borne pathogen, and infections caused by this bacterium can be associated to almost all types of food. The work was proposed with the purpose of performing phenotypic and molecular characterization of attenuated strains of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium for genes encoding proteins associated with the nucleoid (NAPs - Nucleoid associated Proteins). The phenotypic characteristics of the null mutants of Salmonella enterica for genes ihfA or ihfB, encoding the A and B subunits of IHF, were evaluated by in vitro growth, motility, survival under nutritional stress (survival in the stationary phase), under acidic conditions, in the presence of bile salts and for the ability of invasion and survival in macrophages (J774A.1 strain). Attenuation tests and evaluation of the capacity to induce protection in case of infection by S. enterica were performed using the murine model. The mutants showed no difference in the in vitro growth and the ability to survive in the presence of bile salts in comparison with the wild type strain. The single mutant for ihfA or ihf ihf ihfB) showed decreased survival under acidic conditions when compared to the wild type strain. Motility of single mutants was also reduced. Single and double mutants showed higher ability to survive under nutritional stress when compared with the wild type strain. The mutant gene for ihfA and the double mutant showed an increased ability to invade ihf ihfB mutants showed an increased ability to survive within macrophages when compared with the wild type strain. Null mutants of Salmonella enterica for ihfA or ihfB genes exhibited attenuation, to varying degrees, for virulence and showed ability to induce protection in a murine model of infection by S. enterica. x These results demonstrate that this protein has function associated to bacterial virulence and is an important subject of study in search for attenuated strains (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/05590-0 - Phenotypic and molecular characterization of attenuated strains of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium
Grantee:Meiriele da Silva das Neves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master