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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Amazon plant diversity revealed by a taxonomically verified species list

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Cardoso, Domingos [1] ; Sarkinen, Tiina [2] ; Alexander, Sara [3] ; Amorim, Andre M. [4] ; Bittrich, Volker ; Celis, Marcela [5, 6] ; Daly, Douglas C. [7] ; Fiaschi, Pedro [8] ; Funk, Vicki A. [3] ; Giacomin, Leandro L. [9] ; Goldenberg, Renato [10] ; Heiden, Gustavo [11] ; Iganci, Joao [12] ; Kelloff, Carol L. [3] ; Knapp, Sandra [13] ; de Lima, Haroldo Cavalcante [14] ; Machado, Anderson F. P. [15] ; dos Santos, Rubens Manoel [16] ; Mello-Silva, Renato [17] ; Michelangeli, Fabiyn A. [7] ; Mitchell, John [7] ; Moonlight, Peter [2] ; Rodrigues de Moraes, Pedro Luis [18] ; Mori, Scott A. [7] ; Nunes, Teonildes Sacramento [15] ; Pennington, Terry D. [19] ; Pirani, Jose Rubens [17] ; Prance, Ghillean T. [19] ; de Queiroz, Luciano Paganucci [15] ; Rapini, Alessandro [15] ; Riina, Ricarda [20] ; Vargas Rincon, Carlos Alberto [21] ; Roque, Nadia [1] ; Shimizu, Gustavo [22] ; Sobral, Marcos [23] ; Stehmann, Joao Renato [24] ; Stevens, Warren D. [25] ; Taylor, Charlotte M. [25] ; Trovo, Marcelo [26] ; van den Berg, Cassio [15] ; van der Werff, Henk [25] ; Viana, Pedro Lage [27] ; Zartman, Charles E. [3, 28] ; Forzza, Rafaela Campostrini [14]
Total Authors: 44
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[1] Univ Fed Bahia, Natl Inst Sci & Technol Interdisciplinary & Trans, Inst Biol, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
[2] Royal Bot Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH5 3LR, Midlothian - Scotland
[3] Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20560 - USA
[4] Univ Estadual Santa Cruz, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-45662900 Ilheus, BA - Brazil
[5] Univ Norte, Dept Quim & Biol, Barranquilla - Colombia
[6] Univ Nacl Colombia, Herbario Nacl Colombiano COL, Inst Ciencias Nat, Bogota - Colombia
[7] New York Bot Garden, Inst Systemat Bot, Bronx, NY 10458 - USA
[8] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Bot, Ctr Ciencias Biol, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[9] Univ Fed Oeste Para, Inst Ciencias & Tecnol Aguas & Herbario HSTM, BR-68040050 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[10] Univ Fed Parana, Campus Ctr Politecn, BR-8531970 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[11] Embrapa Clima Temperado, BR-96010971 Pelotas, RS - Brazil
[12] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Posgrad Bot, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[13] Nat Hist Museum, Dept Life Sci, London SW7 5BD - England
[14] Inst Pesquisas Jardim Bot Rio de Janeiro, BR-22246003 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[15] Univ Estadual Feira de Santana, Programa Posgrad Bot, BR-44036900 Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
[16] Univ Fed Lavras, Dept Forest Sci, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
[17] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[18] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[19] Royal Bot Gardens, Richmond TW9 3AB, Surrey - England
[20] CSIC, RJB, E-28014 Madrid - Spain
[21] Univ Rosario, Fac Ciencias Nat & Matemat, Bogota - Colombia
[22] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, Inst Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[23] Univ Fed Sao Joao Del Rei, Dept Ciencias Nat, BR-36301160 Sao Joao Del Rei, MG - Brazil
[24] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Bot, Inst Ciencias Biol, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[25] Missouri Bot Garden, POB 299, St Louis, MO 63166 - USA
[26] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Bot, Inst Biol, BR-21941590 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[27] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, BR-66077830 Belem, Para - Brazil
[28] Natl Inst Amazonian Res, Dept Biodivers, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 28
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 43

Recent debates on the number of plant species in the vast lowland rain forests of the Amazon have been based largely on model estimates, neglecting published checklists based on verified voucher data. Here we collate taxonomically verified checklists to present a list of seed plant species from lowland Amazon rain forests. Our list comprises 14,003 species, of which 6,727 are trees. These figures are similar to estimates derived from nonparametric ecological models, but they contrast strongly with predictions of much higher tree diversity derived from parametric models. Based on the known proportion of tree species in neotropical lowland rain forest communities as measured in complete plot censuses, and on overall estimates of seed plant diversity in Brazil and in the neotropics in general, it is more likely that tree diversity in the Amazon is closer to the lower estimates derived from nonparametric models. Much remains unknown about Amazonian plant diversity, but this taxonomically verified dataset provides a valid starting point for macroecological and evolutionary studies aimed at understanding the origin, evolution, and ecology of the exceptional biodiversity of Amazonian forests. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50488-5 - Nordeste: new science for a neglected biome
Grantee:Jonathan James Lloyd
Support type: Research Projects - SPEC Program