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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Low levels of exosomal-miRNAs in maternal blood are associated with early pregnancy loss in cloned cattle

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Author(s):
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De Bem, T. H. C. [1] ; da Silveira, J. C. [2] ; Sampaio, R. V. [2] ; Sangalli, J. R. [2] ; Oliveira, M. L. F. [2] ; Ferreira, R. M. [3] ; Silva, L. A. [2] ; Perecin, F. [2] ; King, W. A. [4] ; Meirelles, F. V. [2] ; Ramos, E. S. [1]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Genet, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Anim Sci & Food Engn, Dept Vet Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Anim Reprod, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Guelph, Ontario Vet Coll, Dept Biomed Sci, Guelph, ON - Canada
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 7, OCT 30 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Nuclear reprogramming mediated by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has many applications in medicine. However, animal clones show increased rates of abortion and reduced neonatal viability. Herein, we used exosomal-miRNA profiles as a non-invasive biomarker to identify pathological pregnancies. MiRNAs play important roles in cellular proliferation and differentiation during early mammalian development. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify exosomal-miRNAs in maternal blood at 21 days of gestation that could be used for diagnosis and prognosis during early clone pregnancies in cattle. Out of 40 bovine-specific miRNAs, 27 (67.5%) were with low abundance in the C-EPL (Clone - Early pregnancy loss) group compared with the C-LTP (Clone - Late pregnancy) and AI-LTP (Artificial Insemination - Late pregnancy) groups, which had similar miRNAs levels. Bioinformatics analysis of the predicted target genes demonstrated signaling pathways and functional annotation clusters associated with critical biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and embryonic development. In conclusion, our results demonstrate decreased exosomal-miRNAs in maternal blood at 21 days of gestation in cloned cattle pregnancies that failed to reach term. Furthermore, the predicted target genes regulated by these 27 miRNAs are strongly associated with pregnancy establishment and in utero embryonic development. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/22887-0 - Cell-secreted vesicles containing miRNAs modulate epigenetic changes during in vitro culture of bovine gametes and embryos
Grantee:Juliano Coelho da Silveira
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50533-2 - GIFT: genomic improvement of fertilization traits in Danish and Brazilian cattle
Grantee:Marcelo Fábio Gouveia Nogueira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08135-2 - CTC - Center for Cell-Based Therapy
Grantee:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC