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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Kinetic gait analysis in English Bulldogs

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Aristizabal Escobar, Andres Sebastian [1] ; Alves de Souza, Alexandre Navarro [1] ; de Campos Fonseca Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandao [1] ; Matera, Julia Maria [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo FMVZ USP, Dept Surg, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background: Canine breed conformation may interfere with locomotion and may predispose to orthopedic disease. Bulldogs have a high incidence of orthopedic diseases such as hip dysplasia. Kinetic gait analysis provides an objective way to assess and analyze locomotion. The aim of this study was to study the vertical forces of English Bulldogs during walk using a pressure sensitive walkway. We hypothesize that Bulldogs affected by orthopedic diseases have decreased weight bearing and asymmetric locomotion in the limbs despite having mild to no sings during clinical examination. Thirty English Bulldogs were tested. Peak vertical force, vertical impulse, rate of loading, stance phase duration, symmetry index, goniometry and incidence of orthopedic diseases were recorded. Results: Although none of the dogs showed signs of pain or discomfort upon manipulation of the hip joints, all dogs had radiographic evidences of hip dysplasia and lack of significant peak vertical force, vertical impulse and stance time differences. The dogs had a mean hind limb symmetry index of 19.8 +/- 19.5% and rates of loading ranged from 1.0 to 3.1. Conclusions: Despite the lack of evident decrease in weight bearing, subclinical lameness can be inferred. The examined dogs had a mean hind limb symmetry index of 19.8 +/- 19.5%. Symmetry indices reported in dogs free from orthopedic diseases range from 0.3 to 9.6%. Given non-lame dogs are expected to have a symmetry index close to 0%, data from this study suggests that Bulldogs have gait dysfunctions, which translates into hind limb asymmetries and rate of loading was consistent with severe hip dysplasia despite no visible signs of gait dysfunction. Future studies comparing lame and non-lame Bulldogs are warranted. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/06615-0 - Kinetic analysis of locomotion of the English Bulldog breed
Grantee:Andres Sebastian Aristizabal Escobar
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation