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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Monitoring fruit-feeding butterfly assemblages in two vertical strata in seasonal Atlantic Forest: temporal species turnover is lower in the canopy

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Author(s):
dos Santos, Jessie Pereira [1] ; Iserhard, Cristiano Agra [2] ; Oliveira Carreira, Junia Yasmin [1] ; Lucci Freitas, Andre Victor [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, POB 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Pelotas, Inst Biol, Dept Ecol Zool & Genet, POB 354, BR-96160000 Pelotas, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY; v. 33, n. 5, p. 345-355, SEP 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

To address how seasonality affects the richness and abundance of tropical insects, we compared the canopy and understorey communities of fruit-feeding butterflies in a seasonal Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil. Butterflies were sampled over 1 y using a standardized design with baited traps. A total of 2047 individuals in 69 species were recorded (1415 in the canopy, 632 in the understorey). Clear differences were found between canopy and understorey, with significantly higher butterfly abundances in the canopy. We observed two marked peaks of abundance and richness in both strata; one at the transition from dry to the wet seasons, and the other at the transition from wet to dry seasons. We found lower species turnover throughout the year in the canopy. We interpret this as evidence that temperature is more important than rainfall in explaining the yearly variation of abundance in vertical strata. The higher temperatures found in the canopy may allow butterflies to maintain activity in this stratum all year round, whereas the understorey is subject to colder temperatures, thus presenting a higher species turnover. These results improve our understanding of diversity gradients between evergreen and seasonal tropical forests, allowing insights into how climate and beta diversity gradients interact. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08433-8 - Diversity patterns and phylogenetic structure of butterfly communities in the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Cristiano Agra Iserhard
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/50225-3 - Natural history, phylogeny and conservation of Neotropical Lepidoptera
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: a multidisciplinary framework for biodiversity prediction in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants