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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Plastome Rearrangements in the ``Adenocalymma-Neojobertia{''} Clade (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae) and Its Phylogenetic Implications

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Author(s):
Fonseca, Luiz H. M. [1] ; Lohmann, Lucia G. [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biocencias, Dept Bot, Lab Sistemat Vegetal, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE; v. 8, NOV 1 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

The chloroplast is one of the most important organelles of plants. This organelle has a circular DNA with approximately 130 genes. The use of plastid genomic data in phylogenetic and evolutionary studies became possible with high-throughput sequencing methods, which allowed us to rapidly obtain complete genomes at a reasonable cost. Here, we use high-throughput sequencing to study the ``Adenocalymma-Neojobertia{''} clade (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). More specifically, we use Hi-Seq Illumina technology to sequence 10 complete plastid genomes. Plastomes were assembled using selected plastid reads and de novo approach with SPAdes. The 10 assembled genomes were analyzed in a phylogenetic context using five different partition schemes: (1) 91 protein-coding genes ({''}coding{''}); (2) 76 introns and spacers with alignment manually edited ({''}non-coding edited{''}); (3) 76 non-coding regions with poorly aligned regions removed using T-Coffee ({''}non-coding filtered{''}); (4) 91 coding regions plus 76 non-coding regions edited ({''}coding + non-coding edited{''}); and, (5) 91 protein-coding regions plus the 76 filtered non-coding regions ({''}coding + non-coding filtered{''}). Fragmented regions were aligned using Mafft. Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Bayesian Criteria (BC). The analyses of the individual plastomes consistently recovered an expansion of the Inverted Repeated (IRs) regions and a compression of the Small Single Copy (SSC) region. Major genomic translocations were observed at the Large Single Copy (LSC) and IRs. ML phylogenetic analyses of the individual datasets led to the same topology, with the exception of the analysis of the ``non-coding filtered{''} dataset. Overall, relationships were strongly supported, with the highest support values obtained through the analysis of the ``coding + non-coding edited{''} dataset. Four regions at the LSC, SSC, and IR were selected for primer development. The ``Adenocalymma-Neojobertia{''} clade shows an unusual pattern of plastid structure variation, including four major genomic translocations. These rearrangements challenge the current view of conserved plastid genome architecture in terms of gene order. It also complicates both genomic assemblies using reference genomes and sequence alignments using whole plastomes. Therefore, strategies that employ de novo assemblies and manual evaluation of sequence alignments are required to prevent assembly and alignment errors. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50260-6 - Structure and evolution of the Amazonian biota and its environment: an integrative approach
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50859-2 - Systematics of the tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae)
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: Regular Research Grants