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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A novel body mass index reference range - an observational study

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Author(s):
Morais, Sirlei Siani [1] ; Ide, Mirena [1] ; Morgan, Andrea Moreno [1] ; Surita, Fernanda Garanhani [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Ciencias Med, Dept Ginecol & Obstet, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinics; v. 72, n. 11, p. 698-707, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To generate a new body mass index curve of reference values and ranges for body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy and to compare the new curve and weight gain ranges with the currently used references. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with a total of 5,656 weight and body mass index measurements in 641 women with single pregnancy who attended their first prenatal visit before 12 weeks. All the women were over 18 years old and had no medical conditions that would influence body mass index. Data were collected using prenatal charts and medical records during hospitalization for childbirth. A linear regression method was used for standard curve smoothing in the general population and for specific curves according to the baseline body mass index classification. Curves were obtained for the 5 th, 10 th, 50 th, 85 th, 90 th and 95 th percentiles. Concordance between the classification of women using the newly generated and currently used curves was evaluated by percentages and kappa coefficients. The weight gain was compared with the reference values of the Institute of Medicine using Student's T test. The data were analyzed using SAS software version 9.2, and the significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: A general reference curve of percentiles of body mass index by gestational age was established. Additionally, four specific curves were generated according to the four baseline body mass index categories. The new general curve offered percentile limits for women according to their initial body mass index and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention limits, showing poor agreement with the currently used curve (48.3%). Women who were overweight or obese when starting prenatal care had higher weight gain than the Institute of Medicine recommendation. CONCLUSIONS: The new proposed curve for body mass index during pregnancy showed weak agreement with the currently used curve. The new curve provided more information regarding body mass index increase using percentiles for general and specific groups of body mass index. Overweight pregnant women showed an upward body mass index trend throughout pregnancy that increased more dramatically than those of other groups of pregnant women, and they also presented a major mean difference between weight gain and the Institute of Medicine recommendation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/01770-7 - Standardization of weight gain in healthy pregnant women: a proposed curve for Brazilian women
Grantee:Fernanda Garanhani de Castro Surita
Support type: Regular Research Grants