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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

L- and T-type calcium channel blockers protect against the inhibitory effects of mipafox on neurite outgrowth and plasticity-related proteins in SH-SY5Y cells

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Author(s):
Fernandes, Lais Silva [1] ; Dos Santos, Neife Aparecida G. [1] ; Emerick, Guilherme Luz [2] ; Dos Santos, Antonio Cardozo [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FCFRP, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, Ave Cafe S-N, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] UFMT, ICS, CUS, Sinop, MT - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH-PART A-CURRENT ISSUES; v. 80, n. 19-21, SI, p. 1086-1097, 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Some organophosphorus compounds (OP), including the pesticide mipafox, produce late onset distal axonal degeneration, known as organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN). The underlying mechanism involves irreversible inhibition of neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity, elevated intracellular calcium levels, increased activity of calcium-activated proteases and impaired neuritogenesis. Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC) appear to play a role in several neurologic disorders, including OPIDN. Therefore, this study aimed to examine and compare the neuroprotective effects of T-type (amiloride) and L-type (nimodipine) VGCC blockers induced by the inhibitory actions of mipafox on neurite outgrowth and axonal proteins of retinoic-acid-stimulated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, a neuronal model widely employed to determine the neurotoxicity attributed to OP. Both nimodipine and amiloride significantly blocked augmentation of intracellular calcium levels and activity of calpains, as well as decreased neurite length, number of differentiated cells, and lowered concentrations of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) and synapsin induced by mipafox. Only nimodipine inhibited reduction of synaptophysin levels produced by mipafox. These findings demonstrate a role for calcium and VGCC in the impairment of neuronal plasticity mediated by mipafox. Data also demonstrated the neuroprotective potential of T-type and L-type VGCC blockers to inhibit OP-mediated actions, which may be beneficial to counteract cases of pesticide poisoning. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/16319-3 - In vitro study of the mechanisms of neurotoxicity of the organophosphate trichlorfon: strategies for neuroprotection
Grantee:Lais da Silva Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/26906-6 - Organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy: in vitro study of the mechanisms of neurotoxicity of trichlorfon and strategies of neuroprotection
Grantee:Antonio Cardozo dos Santos
Support type: Regular Research Grants