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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The taxonomy of the American Ariadna Audouin (Araneae: Synspermiata: Segestriidae)

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Author(s):
Giroti, Andre Marsola [1] ; Brescovit, Antonio Domingos [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Colecoes Zool, Ave Vital Brasil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zootaxa; v. 4400, n. 1, p. 1-114, MAR 26 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The spider genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 currently comprises 102 of 127 described species of Segestriidae. Its distribution comprises all continents (except Antarctica), but it is mostly found on the tropical and subtropical regions. We present a comprehensive taxonomic revision of Ariadna in the American continent, including 2,519 specimens (i.e., type and non-type) from 30 arachnological collections. We present 31 nominal species, among which eight species are new to the science: Ariadna reginae n. sp. from Central America; Ariadna aurea n. sp., Ariadna caparao n. sp., Ariadna gaucha n. sp., Ariadna ipojuca n. sp., Ariadna lemosi n. sp. and Ariadna ubajara n. sp. from Brazil; and Ariadna lalen n. sp. from Chile. Nine species are proposed as junior synonyms: A. pragmatica Chamberlin, 1924 and A. scholastica Chamberlin, 1924 with A. bicolor (Hentz, 1842), A. gracilis Vellard, 1924 and A. conspersa Mello-Leitao, 1941 with A. obscura (Blackwall, 1858), A. murphyi (Chamberlin, 1920) with A. tarsalis Banks, 1902, A. pusilla (Nicolet, 1849) and A. ashantica Strand, 1916 with A. maxima (Nicolet, 1849), A. dubia Mello-Leitao, 1917 with A. boliviana Simon, 1907, and A. spinifera Mello-Leitao, 1947 with A. mollis (Holmberg, 1876). Ariadna comata O.P.-Cambridge, 1898 is revalidated. Two species became nomina dubia: Ariadna solitaria Simon, 1892 and A. tubicola Simon, 1893. The allotype of A. crassipalpa described by Camargo (1950) and the paratype of A. levii described by Grismado (2008), were identified as A. mollis and A. maxima, respectively and have been considered as misidentifications. The male of A. cephalotes and A. comata, and the female of A. calilegua are described for the first time. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50689-0 - Systematic of the neotropical haplogynae spiders (Arachnida, Araneae)
Grantee:Antonio Domingos Brescovit
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/03016-0 - Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 from Neotropical Region (Araneae; Segestriidae)
Grantee:André Marsola Giroti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/20008-6 - Cladistic analysis of Segestriidae genera (Araneae; Dysderoidea)
Grantee:André Marsola Giroti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/23801-6 - Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 from Neotropical Region (Araneae; Segestriidae)
Grantee:André Marsola Giroti
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree