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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Food habits of three carnivores in a mosaic landscape of Sao Paulo state, Brazil

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Giordano, C. [1] ; Lyra-Jorge, M. C. [2] ; Miotto, R. A. [3] ; Pivello, V. R. [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Nucl Ciencias Ambientais, Av Dr Candido Xavier de Almeida e Souza 200, BR-08780911 Mogi Das Cruzes, SP - Brazil
[2] Colegio Anglo Sorocaba Sorocaba, Ave Antonio Carlos Comitre 2277, BR-18047620 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencias Florestais, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 2

Sao Paulo is the most developed state in Brazil, but despite intense land use changes, some mammal species still inhabit remnant fragments of native vegetation of the state. We used fecal analyses to investigate prey diversity, trophic niche breadth, and trophic niche overlap of pumas, ocelots, and maned wolves in protected and non-protected areas in Sao Paulo state. During 18 months, we inspected more than 10,000 km of roads and trails and collected 233 fecal samples. Maned wolves showed generalist food habit, ocelots were predominantly carnivores, and pumas were strict carnivores. The European hare, an exotic species which had not yet been reported in the study area, was identified in the feces of a puma. Trophic niche breadth was the lowest for maned wolves (BA = 0.339) and the highest for pumas (BA = 0.723). Trophic niche overlap was high between maned wolves and ocelots (O-jk = 0.765) and between pumas and ocelots (O-jk = 0.639). Significantly different diets of maned wolves and ocelots were observed between dry and rainy seasons. Our findings indicate that these three species may adapt their diets to the disturbed landscapes. This is the second study characterizing food habits of ocelots in Cerrado areas but the first considering a large number of samples. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/13897-3 - Dispersal movements and habitat use of Puma concolor in a highly fragmented landscape of the São Paulo State
Grantee:Renata Alonso Miotto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate