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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Copy number variation regions in Nellore cattle: Evidences of environment adaptation

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Antunes de Lemos, Marcos Vinicius [1] ; Berton, Mariana Piatto [1] ; Ferreira de Camargo, Gregorio Miguel [2] ; Peripolli, Elisa [1] ; de Oliveira Silva, Rafael Medeiros [1] ; Olivieri, Bianca Ferreira [1] ; Cesar, Aline S. M. [3] ; Cravo Pereira, Angelica Simone [4] ; de Albuquerque, Lucia Galvao [1] ; de Oliveira, Henrique Nunes [1] ; Tonhati, Humberto [1] ; Baldi, Fernando [1]
Total Authors: 12
[1] State Univ Sao Paulo, FCAV, UNESP, Dept Anim Sci, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Bahia, Dept Zootecnia, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Dept Nutr & Anim Prod, Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: LIVESTOCK SCIENCE; v. 207, p. 51-58, JAN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 7

The aim of the present study was to analyze the distribution of CNV regions (CNVRs) as well as to address hypothesis about the natural/artificial selection process in Nellore cattle. A total of 399,361 CNVs were identified, using the PennCNV algorithm, in 3794 Nellore cattle (Bos tau us indices) genotyped with the Bovine HD BeadChip array. The default quality control was applied and 2902 samples and 195,873 CNVs remained. The medium CNV length size was 54,744 bp with a maximum of 870,000 bp and a minimum of 3000 bp. The CNVRs were generated by overlapping the 195,873 identified CNVs using the CNVRuler program. There was a higher incidence of CNVRs on BTA19 (24.26%), BTA23 (18.68%), and BTA25 (18.05%). The chromosomes that showed a lower incidence of CNVR were BTA29 (1.63%), BTA13 (9.72%), and BTA8 (9.72%). According to the type, 38.5%, 28.5% and 33.0% of the CNVRs were characterized as insertion, deletion and mixed (insertion and deletion in the same region), respectively. The 9805 CNVR estimated in the present study covered approximately 13.05% of the cattle genome (U1VID\_3.1, 2,649,685,063 bp) and overlapped with 5495 genes. These genes have functions described as involved in biological processes that might be related to the environmental adaptation of the subspecies to tropical areas, such as regulation of vasodilatation, immune system response, hair follicle morphogenesis, among others. This study confirms the existence of large structural variations in the Nellore cattle genome and contributes to understanding the differences between cattle subspecies. Besides, it can also work as a guideline for future studies in which structural variations are present. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21241-0 - Study of the genetic variability of meat fatty acid profile in Nelore cattle finished in feedlot
Grantee:Fernando Sebastián Baldi Rey
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/16118-5 - Genomic tools to genetic improvement of direct economic important traits in Nelore cattle
Grantee:Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants