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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Estrogenic and anti-androgenic effects of the herbicide tebuthiuron in male Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

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de Almeida, Milena Devechi [1] ; Boscolo Pereira, Thiago Scremin [2, 3] ; Batlouni, Sergio Ricardo [4] ; Pereira Boscolo, Camila Nomura [2] ; de Almeida, Eduardo Alves [5]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista IBILCE UNESP, Dept Chem & Environm Sci, Rua Critovao Colombo 2265, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] UNIRP, Rio Preto Univ Ctr, Rua Ivete Gabriel Atique 45, BR-15025400 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] FACERES, Med Sch Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Av Anisio Haddad 6751, BR-15090305 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista CAUNESP, Dept Aquaculture, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castelane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Reg Blumenau, Dept Nat Sci, Av Antonio da Veiga 140, BR-89030903 Blumenau, SC - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY; v. 194, p. 86-93, JAN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Tebuthiuron is a phenylurea herbicide widely used in agriculture that can reach the aquatic environments, possibly posing negative effects to the aquatic biota. Phenylurea herbicides, such as diuron, are known to cause estrogenic and anti-androgenic effects in fish, but no such effects were yet reported for tebuthiuron exposure. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate if tebuthiuron, at environmentally relevant concentrations (100 and 200 ng/L) and after 25 days of exposure have estrogenic and/or anti-androgenic effects on male of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), through the evaluation of plasmatic testosterone (T) and estradiol (E-2) levels, brain aromatase (CYP19) levels (western-blot), and by evaluating the histology of the testicles. When compared to the control group, plasmatic T levels decreased about 76% in the animals exposed to 200 ng/L of tebuthiuron, while E2 levels increased about 94%, which could be related to a significant increase (77%) in CYP19A1 levels, an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens into estrogens. Histological analyses of the testicles also demonstrated that tebuthiuron at both tested concentrations caused a decrease in the diameter of the seminiferous tubules and in the diameter of the lumen. Therefore, the gonadosomatic index (GSI) was reduced by 36% % in the animals exposed 200 ng/L to tebuthiuron. Indeed, the relative frequency of spermatocytes and spermatids increased respectively 73% (200 ng/L) and 61% (100 ng/L) in the tebuthiuron exposed animals, possibly due to the impairment of sperm release into the lumen, that was decreased 93% (200 ng/L) in the treated animals compared to the control. These results confirm that tebuthiuron causes estrogenic and anti androgenic effects in Nile tilapias at environmentally relevant concentrations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/52061-8 - Biochemical and estrogenic effects of Diuron and its metabolites, alone or in combination with alkylphenols in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
Grantee:Eduardo Alves de Almeida
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants