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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Kynurenine is correlated with IL-1 beta in plasma of schizophrenia patients

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Joaquim, Helena P. G. [1, 2] ; Costa, Alana C. [1, 2] ; Gattaz, Wagner F. [1, 2] ; Talib, Leda Leme [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Lab Neurosci, LIM 27, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Conselho Nacl Desenvolvimento Cient & Tecnol, INBioN, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION; v. 125, n. 5, SI, p. 869-873, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The etiology of schizophrenia is still unclear. It is well-known that pro-inflammatory cytokines are higher in schizophrenia patients since the first episode psychosis comparing to healthy controls. Inflammatory downstream cascades influence different cellular pathways, like the displacement of the tryptophan (TRP) metabolism to the production of kynurenine (KYN) instead of serotonin, which results in the generation of several neuro and immunoactive metabolites. The aim of this study was to determine TRP, KYN and IL-1 beta plasma levels in first-onset schizophrenia (n = 28) and healthy controls (n = 30). The plasmatic levels of TRP and KYN were decreased in schizophrenic patients (p = 0.004 and p = 0.002, respectively), but there was no difference in the ratio of KYN/TRP (p = 0.554) or either in IL-1 beta (p = 0.101). Positive correlation was observed between KYN and IL-1 beta only in the schizophrenia group (r = 0.461, p = 0.021). And, there was also positive correlation between KYN and Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS) (r = 0.395, p = 0.037). There is no correlation between the other analytes and other parameters of PANSS. Although our results of KYN have been different than expected and there was no difference in the KYN/TRP ratio, we observed a positive correlation between IL-1 beta and KYN, corroborating findings that pro-inflammatory agents hold up the KYN pathway. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/20913-3 - Determination of plasma phospholipids in neuropsychiatric disorders
Grantee:Alana Caroline Costa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/10350-9 - Proteomics of schizophrenia: the search for biomarkers in platelets
Grantee:Helena Passarelli Giroud Joaquim Nadal
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/50873-3 - INCT 2014: National Institute of Biomarkers in Neuropsychiatry
Grantee:Wagner Farid Gattaz
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants