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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Measuring the ``transfer of meaning{''} through members of equivalence classes merged via a class-specific reinforcement procedure

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Author(s):
Silveira, Marcelo V. [1, 2, 3] ; Mackay, Harry A. [4] ; de Rose, Julio C. [1, 2, 3]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psicol, Via Washington Luis Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Massachusetts, Sch Med, EK Shriver Ctr, Worcester, MA - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: LEARNING & BEHAVIOR; v. 46, n. 2, p. 157-170, JUN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Seven participants received conditional discrimination training that established the 12 conditional relations A1B1, A2B2, A3B3, A1C1, A2C2, A3C3, D1E1, D2E2, D3E3, D1F1, D2F2, and D3F3. The A stimuli were pictures of faces portraying emotional expressions; the others were arbitrary forms. Correct responses resulted in presentations of class-specific reinforcers, Sr1, Sr2, and Sr3. After training, tests confirmed the formation of ABC and DEF equivalence classes. Further tests then documented the merger of the classes and the emergence of SrB, SrC, SrE, and SrF relations, showing that the class- specific reinforcers were equivalence class members. Finally, participants did Semantic Differential ratings that tested whether the emotional valence of the A stimuli transferred to the arbitrary forms, B and E. The results show that participants' evaluations of the B and E stimuli were similar to evaluations of the A stimuli made by participants of a control group. This finding is considered as a demonstration that class- specific outcomes can mediate class merger phenomena and the transfer of functions through members of merged classes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/08332-8 - Transfer of functions through equivalent stimuli mediated by class-specific reinforcers
Grantee:Marcelo Vitor da Silveira
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/12847-2 - Transfer of functions among equivalent stimuli mediated by class-specific reinforcement.
Grantee:Marcelo Vitor da Silveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate