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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prevalence of active transportation among adults in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review of population-based studies

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Thiago Hérick de Sá ; Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende ; Maria Carolina Borges ; Priscila Missaki Nakamura ; Sebastian Anapolsky ; Diana Parra ; Fernando Adami ; Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública = Pan American Journal of Public Health; v. 41, p. -, 2017.

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the prevalence of “active” (self-propelled, human-powered) transportation in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region over the past decade. Methods MEDLINE, Excerpta Medica (Embase), SportDiscus, Lilacs, MediCarib, Web of Science, OVID, CINAHL, Scopus, Google Scholar, National Transportation Library, and TRIS/TRID were searched for articles on active transportation published between January 2003 and December 2014 with (at least) a title and abstract in English, Portuguese, or Spanish. Research was included in the study if the two reviewing authors agreed it 1) was conducted in an adult sample (≥ 18 years old), 2) was designed to be representative of any LAC area, and 3) reported at least one measure of active transportation. Reference lists of included papers and retrieved reviews were also checked. A total of 129 key informants (87 scientific experts and 42 government authorities) were contacted to identify additional candidate publications. Two other authors extracted the data independently. Results A total of 10 459 unique records were found; the full texts of 143 were reviewed; and a total of 45 studies were included in the study, yielding estimates for 72 LAC settings, most of which were in Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia. No eligible studies were found for the years 2003–2004, resulting in a 10-year study time frame. Estimates were available for walking, cycling, or the combination of both, with a high degree of heterogeneity (heterogeneity index (I2) ≥ 99%). The median prevalence of active transportation (combining walking and cycling) was 12.0%, ranging from 5.1% (in Palmas, Brazil) to 58.9% (in Rio Claro, Brazil). Men cycled more than women in all regions for which information was available. The opposite was true for walking. Conclusions Prevalence of active transportation in LAC varied widely, with great heterogeneity and uneven distribution of studies across countries, indicating the need for efforts to build comprehensive surveillance systems with standardized, timely, and detailed estimates of active transportation in order to support policy planning and evaluation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08565-4 - How are we going? the study of active commuting in Brazil
Grantee:Thiago Hérick de Sá
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/25624-7 - The use of household travel surveys in the study of active transportation
Grantee:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/25614-4 - Physical inactivity and cancer: from evaluation of etiological evidence to public health impact
Grantee:Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate