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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cardiovascular Risk in Xavante Indigenous Population

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Luana Padua Soares ; Amaury Lelis Dal Fabbro ; Anderson Soares Silva ; Daniela Saes Sartorelli ; Luciana Ferreira Franco ; Patrícia Chamadoira Kuhn ; Regina Santiago Moises ; João Paulo Botelho Vieira-Filho ; Laércio Joel Franco
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia; v. 110, n. 6, p. -, Jun. 2018.

Abstract Background: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is little known in Brazilian indigenous populations. In the last two decades, important changes have occurred in the lifestyle and epidemiological profile of the Xavante people. Objective: to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Xavante adults in São Marcos and Sangradouro/Volta Grande reserves, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 925 Xavante people aged ≥ 20 years between 2008 and 2012. The following indicators were assessed: triglycerides (TG), total, LDL and HDL-cholesterol, Castelli index I and II, TG/HDL-cholesterol ratio, apo B / Apo A1 ratio, Framingham risk score, C-reactive protein, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW), glycemia and blood pressure. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Student's t test and Chi-square test (χ2) were used for statistical analysis, and significance level was set at 5%. Results: High prevalence of elevated cardiovascular risk was observed in men and women according to HDL-cholesterol (66.2% and 86.2%, respectively), TG (53.2% and 51.5%), TG/HDL-cholesterol ratio (60.0% and 49.1%), C-reactive protein (44.1% and 48.1%), BMI (81.3% and 81.7%), WC (59.1% and 96.2%), HW (38.0% and 50,6%) and glycemia (46.8% and 70.2%). Individuals aged 40 to 59 years had the highest cardiovascular risk. Conclusions: The Xavante have a high cardiovascular risk according to several indicators evaluated. The present analysis of cardiovascular risk factors provides support for the development of preventive measures and early treatment, in attempt to minimize the impact of cardiovascular diseases on this population. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05634-0 - Diabetes mellitus and associated diseases in the adult Xavante population of the Indian Reservation of São Marcos - MT
Grantee:Laercio Joel Franco
Support type: Regular Research Grants