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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions

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Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. [1, 2] ; Anderson, Liana O. [3, 4] ; Fonseca, Marisa G. [2] ; Rosan, Thais M. [2] ; Vedovato, Laura B. [2] ; Wagner, Fabien H. [2] ; Silva, Camila V. J. [5, 2] ; Silva Junior, Celso H. L. [2] ; Arai, Egidio [2] ; Aguiar, Ana P. [6, 7] ; Barlow, Jos [5] ; Berenguer, Erika [5, 3] ; Deeter, Merritt N. [8] ; Domingues, Lucas G. [6, 9] ; Gatti, Luciana [6, 9] ; Gloor, Manuel [10] ; Malhi, Yadvinder [3] ; Marengo, Jose A. [4] ; Miller, John B. [11, 12] ; Phillips, Oliver L. [10] ; Saatchi, Sassan [13]
Total Authors: 21
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[1] Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Exeter EX4 4RJ, Devon - England
[2] Natl Inst Space Res, Remote Sensing Div, Av Astronautas 1-758, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[3] Univ Oxford, Sch Geog & Environm, Oxford OX1 3QY - England
[4] Natl Ctr Monitoring & Early Warning Nat Disasters, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[5] Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster LA1 4YQ - England
[6] Natl Inst Space Res, Earth Syst Sci Ctr, Av Astronautas 1-758, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[7] Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Kraftriket 2B, SE-10691 Stockholm - Sweden
[8] Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Atmospher Chem & Observat Lab, Boulder, CO 80301 - USA
[9] IPEN, CNEN, Atmospher Chem Lab, 2242 Ave Prof Lineu Prestes, Cidade Univ, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[11] Univ Colorado, Global Monitoring Div, NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80305 - USA
[12] Univ Colorado, CIRES, Boulder, CO 80305 - USA
[13] CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, 4800 Oak Grove Dr, Pasadena, CA 91109 - USA
Total Affiliations: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 9, FEB 13 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 77

Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over the period 2003-2015. We show that despite a 76% decline in deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an area of 799,293 km(2). Gross emissions from forest fires (989 +/- 504 Tg CO2 year(-1)) alone are more than half as great as those from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57719-9 - Program on Climate Change - INCT CLIMA
Grantee:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/51841-0 - UK/Brazil research network for an Amazonian Carbon Observatory
Grantee:Luciana Vanni Gatti
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/50484-0 - Functional diversity of intact and regenerating Amazon, Atlantic, and Cerrado systems using hyperspectral imagery
Grantee:Fabien Hubert Wagner
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/58120-3 - Carbon tracker and water availability controls of land use and climate changes
Grantee:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants