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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of the Consumption of Milk Biofortified with Selenium, Vitamin E, and Different Fatty Acid Profile on Immune Response in the Elderly

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Pfrimer, Karina [1] ; Ferriolli, Eduardo [1] ; Takeuchi, Paula Lumy [1] ; Salles, Marcia S. V. [2] ; Saran-Netto, Arlindo [3] ; Zanetti, Marcus A. [3] ; Roma-Junior, Luiz C. [2] ; Moreno Braga, Camila Bitu [1] ; Domenici, Fernanda A. [1] ; Valim, Yara M. L. [4] ; Paschoalato, Adriana B. P. [4] ; Marchi, Larissa F. [4] ; Azzolini, Ana E. C. S. [4] ; Donadi, Eduardo A. [1] ; Martinez, Edson [1] ; Vannucchi, Helio [1]
Total Authors: 16
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Agcy Agribusiness Technol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Anim Sci & Food Engn, Pirassununga - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Pharmacol Sci Sch, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 3

Scope: Nutrition is a major contributing factor for immunocompetence. The aim was to assess the immune status of older people after consuming milk produced by lactating cows fed with one of the following diets: control diet (C), C + vitamin E + selenium (C + A), C + sunflower oil (C + O), and C + sunflower oil + vitamin E + selenium (A + O). Methods and results: Sixty elderly people received one of these biofortified milks for 12 weeks. Immune response was assessed by measurement of the expression of COX-1, COX-2, MCP-1, PPAR (delta, alpha and beta/delta) genes, neutrophil production of oxygen reactive species induced by immune complexes, neutrophil phagocytosis and lytic activity of the alternative pathway of the complement system, and cytokine levels. Variables were assessed before and after treatment. Our findings showed stability of some inflammatory mediators (complement activity and neutrophils burst) in treatment groups, except complement activity in C + A, and an increase of these markers in C, especially reactive oxygen species production and phagocytic activity. TNF-alpha was significantly increased in all groups. In C + A, IL-4 and IL-2 increased after treatment, and in the group that received the milk produced by cows fed with ``O{''} diet, CCL20 and IL-27 increased. Conclusion: Overall, as compared to C, milk biofortification was associated with stabilization of the activity of alternative complement pathway and the neutrophils burst, and modulated different cytokines levels. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03412-2 - Effects of inclusion of sunflower oil, vitamin E and selenium in the diet of dairy cows on Milk composition and its influence on nutrition and health of elderly
Grantee:Helio Vannucchi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants