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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Analyses of Shallow Convection over the Amazon Coastal Region Using Satellite Images, Data Observations and Modeling

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Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia; v. 33, n. 2, p. -, Jun. 2018.
Abstract

Abstract The Belem region of the state of Para, which is located in northern of Brazil and part of the Amazon biome is characterized by high temperatures, strong convection, unstable air conditions and high humidity favoring the formation of convective clouds. Shallow convection and deep convection are among the main components of the local energy balance. Typically a deep convection over the continents is preceded by a shallow convection. An analysis of the performance of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory / National Aeronautics and Space Administration (JPL/NASA) model of shallow convection parameterization in a framework of the single column model (SCM), in relation to the cluster of cumulus clouds formed in the coastal region of the Amazon forest due to squall lines, is provided. To achieve this purpose enhanced satellite images and infrared images from channels 2 and 4 from the GOES-12 satellite, and data obtained by the “Cloud processes of tHe main precipitation systems in Brazil: A contribUtion to cloud resolVing modeling and to the GPM (GlobAl Precipitation Measurement)” - CHUVA - campaign, during the month of June of 2011, were used. During that period, clusters of cumulus clouds penetrated the interior of the Amazon, causing heavy rains. Results demonstrated that the parameterizations performed well in the case where only a core of clouds was observed, such as at 18:00h on 14 June. This period of the day also presents the smallest bias and root mean square error (rmse) values for the relative humidity. For the potential temperature the smallest value of bias is at 12:00h on June 7th (0.18 K), the largest one is on June 11th (-2.32 K) and the rmse ranges from 0.59 to 2.99 K. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/15235-8 - Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants