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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Anchored phylogenomics illuminates the skipper butterfly tree of life

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Toussaint, Emmanuel F. A. [1] ; Breinholt, Esse W. [1, 2] ; Earl, Chandra [1] ; Warren, Andrew D. [1] ; Brower, Andrew V. Z. [3] ; Yago, Masaya [4] ; Dexter, Kelly M. [1] ; Espeland, Marianne [5] ; Pierce, Naomi E. [6] ; Lohman, David J. [7, 8, 9] ; Kawahara, Akito Y. [1]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[2] RAPID Genom, 747 SW 2nd Ave IMB 14, Gainesville, FL 32601 - USA
[3] Middle Tennessee State Univ, Dept Biol, Evolut & Ecol Grp, Murfreesboro, TN 37132 - USA
[4] Univ Tokyo, Univ Museum, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo 1130033 - Japan
[5] Zool Res Museum Alexander Koenig, Arthropoda Dept, Adenauer Allee 160, D-53113 Bonn - Germany
[6] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[7] CUNY City Coll, Dept Biol, New York, NY 10031 - USA
[8] NYU, Grad Ctr, PhD Program Biol, 550 1St Ave, New York, NY 10016 - USA
[9] Natl Museum Philippines, Entomol Sect, Manila 1000 - Philippines
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Evolutionary Biology; v. 18, JUN 19 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Background: Butterflies (Papilionoidea) are perhaps the most charismatic insect lineage, yet phylogenetic relationships among them remain incompletely studied and controversial. This is especially true for skippers (Hesperiidae), one of the most species-rich and poorly studied butterfly families. Methods: To infer a robust phylogenomic hypothesis for Hesperiidae, we sequenced nearly 400 loci using Anchored Hybrid Enrichment and sampled all tribes and more than 120 genera of skippers. Molecular datasets were analyzed using maximum-likelihood, parsimony and coalescent multi-species phylogenetic methods. Results: All analyses converged on a novel, robust phylogenetic hypothesis for skippers. Different optimality criteria and methodologies recovered almost identical phylogenetic trees with strong nodal support at nearly all nodes and all taxonomic levels. Our results support Coeliadinae as the sister group to the remaining skippers, the monotypic Euschemoninae as the sister group to all other subfamilies but Coeliadinae, and the monophyly of Eudaminae plus Pyrginae. Within Pyrginae, Celaenorrhinini and Tagiadini are sister groups, the Neotropical firetips, Pyrrhopygini, are sister to all other tribes but Celaenorrhinini and Tagiadini. Achlyodini is recovered as the sister group to Carcharodini, and Erynnini as sister group to Pyrgini. Within the grass skippers (Hesperiinae), there is strong support for the monophyly of Aeromachini plus remaining Hesperiinae. The giant skippers (Agathymus and Megathymus) once classified as a subfamily, are recovered as monophyletic with strong support, but are deeply nested within Hesperiinae. Conclusions: Anchored Hybrid Enrichment sequencing resulted in a large amount of data that built the foundation for a new, robust evolutionary tree of skippers. The newly inferred phylogenetic tree resolves long-standing systematic issues and changes our understanding of the skipper tree of life. These resultsenhance understanding of the evolution of one of the most species-rich butterfly families. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50260-6 - Structure and evolution of the Amazonian biota and its environment: an integrative approach
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants