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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Dynamics of spontaneous activity in random networks with multiple neuron subtypes and synaptic noise

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Author(s):
Pena, Rodrigo F. O. [1] ; Zaks, Michael A. [2] ; Roque, Antonio C. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Sci & Letters Ribeirao Preto, Dept Phys, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Humboldt Univ, Fac Math & Nat Sci, Dept Phys, Berlin - Germany
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Computational Neuroscience; v. 45, n. 1, p. 1-28, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Spontaneous cortical population activity exhibits a multitude of oscillatory patterns, which often display synchrony during slow-wave sleep or under certain anesthetics and stay asynchronous during quiet wakefulness. The mechanisms behind these cortical states and transitions among them are not completely understood. Here we study spontaneous population activity patterns in random networks of spiking neurons of mixed types modeled by Izhikevich equations. Neurons are coupled by conductance-based synapses subject to synaptic noise. We localize the population activity patterns on the parameter diagram spanned by the relative inhibitory synaptic strength and the magnitude of synaptic noise. In absence of noise, networks display transient activity patterns, either oscillatory or at constant level. The effect of noise is to turn transient patterns into persistent ones: for weak noise, all activity patterns are asynchronous non-oscillatory independently of synaptic strengths; for stronger noise, patterns have oscillatory and synchrony characteristics that depend on the relative inhibitory synaptic strength. In the region of parameter space where inhibitory synaptic strength exceeds the excitatory synaptic strength and for moderate noise magnitudes networks feature intermittent switches between oscillatory and quiescent states with characteristics similar to those of synchronous and asynchronous cortical states, respectively. We explain these oscillatory and quiescent patterns by combining a phenomenological global description of the network state with local descriptions of individual neurons in their partial phase spaces. Our results point to a bridge from events at the molecular scale of synapses to the cellular scale of individual neurons to the collective scale of neuronal populations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50122-0 - Dynamic phenomena in complex networks: basics and applications
Grantee:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07699-0 - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center for Neuromathematics - NeuroMat
Grantee:Jefferson Antonio Galves
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 13/25667-8 - Mechanisms of propagation of epileptiform activity in a large-scale cortical model
Grantee:Rodrigo Felipe de Oliveira Pena
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)