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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Climatic characteristics of the 2010-2016 drought in the semiarid Northeast Brazil region

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Author(s):
Marengo, Jose A. [1] ; Alves, Lincoln M. [2] ; Alvala, Regina C. S. [1] ; Cunha, Ana Paula [1] ; Brito, Sheila [1] ; Moraes, Osvaldo L. L. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] CEMADEN, Estr Doutor Altino Bondesan 500, BR-12247016 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] INPE CCST, Rodovia Dutra Km 40, BR-12630000 Cachoeira Paulista, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências; v. 90, n. 2, 1, p. 1973-1985, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 22
Abstract

This study discusses the climatological aspects of the most severe drought ever recorded in the semiarid region Northeast Brazil. Droughts are recurrent in the region and while El Nino has driven some of these events others are more dependent on the tropical North Atlantic sea surface temperature fields. The drought affecting this region during the last 5 years shows an intensity and impact not seen in several decades in the regional economy and society. The analysis of this event using drought indicators as well as meteorological fields shows that since the middle 1990s to 2016, 16 out of 25 years experienced rainfall below normal. This suggests that the recent drought may have in fact started in the middle-late 1990s, with the intense droughts of 1993 and 1998, and then the sequence of dry years (interrupted by relatively wet years in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2011) after that may have affected the levels of reservoirs in the region, leading to a real water crisis that was magnified by the negative rainfall anomalies since 2010. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50122-0 - Dynamic phenomena in complex networks: basics and applications
Grantee:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants