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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Early diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's with event-related potentials and event-related desynchronization in N-back working memory tasks

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Fraga, Francisco J. [1] ; Mamani, Godofredo Quispe [1, 2] ; Johns, Erin [3] ; Tavares, Guilherme [1] ; Falk, Tiago H. [4] ; Phillips, Natalie A. [3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Engn Modelling & Appl Social Sci Ctr, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Altiplano, Dept Estadist, Puno - Peru
[3] Concordia Univ, Dept Psychol, Montreal, PQ - Canada
[4] Univ Quebec, INRS EMT, Montreal, PQ - Canada
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 4

Background and Objective: In this study we investigate whether or not event-related potentials (ERP) and/or event-related (de)synchronization (ERD/ERS) can be used to differentiate between 27 healthy elderly (HE), 21 subjects diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 15 mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Methods: Using 32-channel EEG recordings, we measured ERP responses to a three-level (N-back, N = 0,1,2) visual working memory task. We also performed ERD analysis over the same EEG data, dividing the full-band signal into the well-known delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands. Both ERP and ERD analyses were followed by cluster analysis with correction for multicomparisons whenever significant differences were found between groups. Results: Regarding ERP (full-band analysis), our findings have shown both patient groups (MCI and AD) with reduced P450 amplitude (compared to HE controls) in the execution of the non-match 1-back task at many scalp electrodes, chiefly at parietal and centro-parietal areas. However, no significant differences were found between MCI and AD in ERP analysis whatever was the task. As for sub-band analyses, ERD/ERS measures revealed that HE subjects elicited consistently greater alpha ERD responses than MCI and AD patients during the 1-back task in the match condition, with all differences located at frontal, central and occipital regions. Moreover, in the non-match condition, it was possible to distinguish between MCI and AD patients when they were performing the 0-back task, with MCI presenting more desynchronization than AD on the theta band at temporal and fronto-temporal areas. In summary, ERD analyses have revealed themselves more valuable than ERP, since they showed significant differences in all three group comparisons: HE vs. MCI, HE vs. AD, and MCI vs. AD. Conclusions: Based on these findings, we conclude that ERD responses to working memory (N-back) tasks could be useful not only for early MCI diagnosis or for improved AD diagnosis, but probably also for assessing the likelihood of MCI progression to AD, after further validated by a longitudinal study. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/15243-7 - Electroencephalography-based brain connectivity analysis for Alzheimer's Disease and Diffuse Axonal Lesion diagnosis
Grantee:Francisco José Fraga da Silva
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/09510-7 - Computational EEG analysis for early Alzheimer's Disease diagnosis
Grantee:Francisco José Fraga da Silva
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants