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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Causality and existence of solutions of relativistic viscous fluid dynamics with gravity

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Bemfica, Fabio S. [1] ; Disconzi, Marcelo M. [2] ; Noronha, Jorge [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Escola Ciencias & Tecnol, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Vanderbilt Univ, Dept Math, Nashville, TN 37211 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao 1371, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review D; v. 98, n. 10 NOV 30 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 9

A new approach is described to help improve the foundations of relativistic viscous fluid dynamics and its coupling to general relativity. Focusing on neutral conformal fluids constructed solely in terms of hydrodynamic variables, we derive the most general viscous energy-momentum tensor yielding equations of motion of second order in the derivatives, which is shown to provide a novel type of generalization of the relativistic Navier-Stokes equations for which causality holds. We show how this energy-momentum tensor may be derived from conformal kinetic theory. We rigorously prove local existence, uniqueness, and causality of solutions of this theory (in the full nonlinear regime) both in a Minkowski background and also when the fluid is dynamically coupled to Einstein's equations. Linearized disturbances around equilibrium in Minkowski spacetime are stable in this causal theory. A numerical study reveals the presence of an out-of-equilibrium hydrodynamic attractor for a rapidly expanding fluid. Further properties are also studied, and a brief discussion of how this approach can be generalized to nonconformal fluids is presented. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/05685-2 - Hadronic physics in high energy nuclear collisions
Grantee:Jun Takahashi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants