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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Warming and water deficit impact leaf photosynthesis and decrease forage quality and digestibility of a C4 tropical grass

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Habermann, Eduardo [1] ; Dias de Oliveira, Eduardo Augusto [2] ; Contin, Daniele Ribeiro [1] ; Delvecchio, Gustavo [1] ; Viciedo, Dilier Olivera [3] ; de Moraes, Marcela Aparecida [1] ; Prado, Renato de Mello [3] ; de Pinho Costa, Katia Aparecida [4] ; Braga, Marcia Regina [5] ; Martinez, Carlos Alberto [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Illinois, Dept Biol Sci, Ecol & Evolut, Chicago, IL 60680 - USA
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Soils & Fertilizers, FCAV, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Fed Inst Goiano, Rio Verde Campus, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[5] Inst Bot, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM; v. 165, n. 2, SI, p. 383-402, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Global warming is predicted to cause more intense extreme events such as heat waves, flooding and severe droughts, producing significant effects on agriculture. In tropics, climate change will severely impact livestock production affecting water availability, forage quality and food for cattle. We investigated the isolated and combined effects of soil water deficit (wS) and + 2 degrees C increase in canopy temperature (eT) on leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, carbohydrate content, forage quality and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of a field-grown C4 tropical forage grass Panicum maximum Jacq. using a temperature-free air-controlled enhancement (T-FACE) system. The wS and eT treatments showed no effects on photosystem II photochemistry. However, wS under ambient temperature decreased net photosynthesis rate (A), stomatal conductance (g(s)) and maximum rate of carboxylation of Rubisco (V-cmax), leading to a reduced starch content in leaves. A 16% reduction in leaf dry mass (LDM) and reduction in forage quality by increasing fibers, reducing crude protein (CP) and decreasing the IVDMD was also observed by effect of wS. Warming under adequate soil moisture (eT) significantly increased LDM by 25% but reduced the forage quality, increasing the lignin content and reducing starch, CP and digestibility. The combined wSeT treatment reduced A, g(s), V-cmax and the forage quality. When compared to control, the lignin content in leaves increased by 43, 28 and 17% in wS, eT and wSeT, respectively, causing a significant reduction in IVDMD. We concluded that despite physiological mechanisms to acclimate to warming, both warming and water deficit will impair the quality and digestibility of C4 tropical pastures. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58075-8 - Miniface climate-change impact experiment to analyze the effects of elevated CO2 and warming on photosynthesis, gene expression, biochemistry, growth, nutrient dynamics and yield of two contrasting tropical forage species
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Martinez y Huaman
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/00317-7 - Flux of carbon and greenhouse gases in a pasture ecosystem constituted by Panicum maximum Jacq. and Stylosanthes capitata Voegel cultivated under elevated CO2 and warming in a FACE/T-FACE system
Grantee:Eduardo Augusto Dias de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/09742-8 - Water relations, gas exchange, leaf anatomy and thermographic analysis of two forage species under warming and drought stress at field conditions
Grantee:Eduardo Habermann
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/12853-6 - Impact of increased temperature and water deficit in future climate simulation on the physiological and productive performance of two tropical forage species
Grantee:Gustavo Delvecchio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation