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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of aquatic training and detraining on women with fibromyalgia: controlled randomized clinical trial

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Andrade, Carolina P. [1] ; Zamuner, Antonio R. [2] ; Forti, Meire [3] ; Tamburus, Nayara Y. [3] ; Silva, Ester [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sagrado Coracao, Ctr Hlth Sci, Bauru - Brazil
[2] Catholic Univ Maule, Dept Kinesiol, Talca - Chile
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Physiotherapy, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine; v. 55, n. 1, p. 79-88, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

BACKGROUND: Aquatic physical training (APT) promotes improvement of clinical symptoms and aerobic functional capacity in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). However, there are controversial studies that refer to the maintenance of adaptations obtained from APT after a detraining period. AIM: To evaluate variables oxygen uptake (VO2) relative to lean body mass (LBM) and clinical symptomatology in women with FMS submitted to APT and after 16 weeks of detraining period, and to evaluate the association between the magnitude of VO2 improvement relative to LBM and clinical symptomatology. DESIGN: Blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Physical Therapy of the Federal University of Sao Carlos. POPULATION: Fifty-four women with FMS were randomly assigned into trained group (27) and control group (27). METHODS: All women underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and body composition assessment to estimate VO2 and LBM respectively, and clinical symptoms were assessed before and after 16 weeks of training and detraining. trained group was submitted to APT program, performed twice a week for 16 weeks. RESULTS: After APT, trained group presented an increase in VO2 relative to LBM (P=0.01), in addition to an increase in pressure pain threshold (PPT) (P=0.02) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain (P=0.01), VAS well-being (P<0.01) well-being and lower Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire Score (FIQ) (P=0.04). However, these improvements were not maintained after the 16-week detraining period (P>0.05). In addition, no significant correlations were observed between improvement of clinical manifestations and increased VO2 relative to LBM after APT (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: APT contributed both to increase VO2 at VAT and peak CPET, and improved clinical symptoms, but no association was observed. However, after 16 weeks of detraining. these variables were reduced near baseline. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The results of the present study suggest that APT should be continuously performed in order to improve clinical symptomatology and increase the aerobic functional capacity in women with FMS. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/17504-1 - The effects of hydrotherapy on the cardiorespiratory system and clinical manifestations in women with fibromyalgia syndrome
Grantee:Carolina Pieroni Andrade
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 11/22122-5 - Study of the biomechanical, sensorial, cardiorespiratory and quality of life adaptations associated to physical therapy intervention in the fibromyalgic syndrome
Grantee:Tania de Fatima Salvini
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants