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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A highly sensitive method for detecting Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts recovered from source and finished water using RT-PCR directed to Cryspovirus RNA

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de Souza, Milena Sato [1] ; O'Brien, Celia [2] ; Santin, Monica [2] ; Jenkins, Mark [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Coll Vet Med, Dept Clin Surg & Anim Reprod, Clovis Pestana 793, BR-16050680 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] ARS, Environm Microbial & Food Safety Lab, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods; v. 156, p. 77-80, JAN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts is important because the protozoan can cause clinical infection in humans at extremely low numbers. In the present study, 1.5 x 10(2), 1.0 x 10(3), or 1.0 x 10(4)C. parvum oocysts were spiked into 101 of source or finished water in triplicate followed by recovery using Envirochek HV sampling capsules. One subsample of the recovered oocysts was analyzed by commercial immuno fluorescence assay (IFA), while a second subsample was subjected to DNA-RNA extraction, followed by RT-PCR using primers directed to the gene encoding Cryspovirus capsid. IFA analysis of Envirochek filter eluates of finished water detected oocysts at all 3 C. parvum oocyst doses, but only at the 1.0 x 10(3) and 1.0 x 10(4) doses in source water. Cryspovirus RT-PCR appeared to offer greater sensitivity than IFA because C. parvum oocysts were detected using this molecular technique in both source and finished water concentrates at all 3 spiking levels. A linear relationship was observed between log oocysts spiking dose and the relative intensity of the Cryspovirus RT-PCR signal for finished water, but not for source water. These data indicate that Cryspovirus RT-PCR is a sensitive method for detecting C. parvum oocysts in source and finished water. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/07147-2 - Cloning and expression of a 41-Kilodalton protein from Cryptosporidium parvum in Escherichia coli
Grantee:Milena Sato de Souza
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate