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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inclusion of Sunflower Oil in the Bovine Diet Improves Milk Nutritional Profile

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Salles, Marcia S. V. [1] ; D'Abreu, Lea F. [2] ; Junior, Luiz Carlos R. [1] ; Cesar, Marcelo C. [2] ; Guimaraes, Judite G. L. [2] ; Segura, Julio G. [2] ; Rodrigues, Cintia [2] ; Zanetti, Marcus A. [2] ; Pfrimer, Karina [3] ; Netto, Arlindo Saran [2]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Anim Sci Inst IZ, BR-14030670 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Anim Sci & Food Engn FZEA, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: NUTRIENTS; v. 11, n. 2 FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Milk and its derivatives are important foods that contribute to daily nutrient requirements and improve consumers' health. This study evaluated the effects of supplementing the diet of lactating dairy cows with sunflower oil (SFO), selenium, and vitamin E on the milk's fatty acid profile and fat oxidative stability as well as the acceptability of the milk by consumers. For this purpose, 32 Jersey dairy cows were allocated to four treatment groups for 60 days, as follows: C (control diet); A (3.5 mg/kg DM (dry matter) organic selenium + 2000 IU vitamin E/cow per day); O (4% SFO DM); OA (equal doses of A and O treatments). The inclusion of SFO decreased the contents of 10:0, 10:1, 11:0, 12:0, 12:1, 14:0, and 9c-14:1 fatty acids as well as odd- and branched-chain fatty acids (13:0, iso 13:0, anteiso 13:0, 15:0, iso 15:0, and 17:0). There was also a tendency for 8:0 and 16:0 fatty acid concentrations to decrease when SFO was included in the cows ` diet. SFO decreased the concentration of 10:0 to 15:0 fatty acids in milk. The sum of the conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs), conjugated alpha-linolenic acid intermediates (CLnAs; 18:3 6 + 18:3 3), and 22:0 fatty acids in milk tended to increase, and there were significant increases in 18:0 and 9c11t-18:2 with SFO. In terms of the effects of SFO on the health-related lipid indices, the atherogenicity index tended to decrease and h/H tended to increase. When cows were supplemented with antioxidants, the concentration of 20:2 fatty acids decreased, the 6 + 7 + 8 + 9t-18:1, 16t-18:1, 20:0, 22:2, and 24:0 fatty acid concentrations increased, and there was a trend for the 22:1 9 fatty acid concentration to increase with antioxidants plus oil. There was a tendency for 6 fatty acids and 6/3 to increase with milk treated with antioxidants plus oil. The oxidative stability of milk was not influenced by the presence of SFO or antioxidants in the diet of dairy cows. Consumers desired the color and mouthfeel of the milk that was treated with SFO. Cows fed with 4% sunflower oil produced milk with an improved fatty acid profile for human nutrition, containing a higher CLA content and an improved ratio of hypocholesterolemic and hypercholesterolemic fatty acids, without increasing the milk's susceptibility to oxidation. The milk was also rated as being more acceptable by consumers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03412-2 - Effects of inclusion of sunflower oil, vitamin E and selenium in the diet of dairy cows on Milk composition and its influence on nutrition and health of elderly
Grantee:Helio Vannucchi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants