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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Low-resolution structure, oligomerization and its role on the enzymatic activity of a sucrose-6-phosphate hydrolase from Bacillus licheniformis

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Mera, Alain [1] ; Theodoro de Lima, Mariana Zuliani [1, 2] ; Bernardes, Amanda [1] ; Garcia, Wanius [3] ; Carvalho Muniz, Joao Renato [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys IFSC, Ave Joao Dagnone, 1100, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Amino Acids; v. 51, n. 4, p. 599-610, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Knowing the key features of the structure and the biochemistry of proteins is crucial to improving enzymes of industrial interest like -fructofuranosidase. Gene sacA from Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 14580 codifies a sucrose-6-phosphate hydrolase, a -fructofuranosidase (E.C., protein BlsacA), which has no crystallographic structure available. In this study, we report the results from numerous biochemical and biophysical techniques applied to the investigation of BlsacA in solution. BlsacA was successfully expressed in E. coli in soluble form and purified using affinity and size-exclusion chromatographies. Results showed that the optimum activity of BlsacA occurred at 30 degrees C around neutrality (pH 6.0-7.5) with a tendency to alkalinity. Circular dichroism spectrum confirmed that BlsacA contains elements of a -sheet secondary structure at the optimum pH range and the maintenance of these elements is related to BlsacA enzymatic stability. Dynamic light scattering and small-angle X-ray scattering measurements showed that BlsacA forms stable and elongated homodimers which displays negligible flexibility in solution at optimum pH range. The BlsacA homodimeric nature is strictly related to its optimum activity and is responsible for the generation of biphasic curves during differential scanning fluorimetry analyses. The homodimer is formed through the contact of the N-terminal -propeller domain of each BlsacA unit. The results presented here resemble the key importance of the homodimeric form of BlsacA for the enzyme stability and the optimum enzymatic activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/17275-3 - Studies of the mode of action of two lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases from insect (order: isoptera): molecular structure, bioinorganic chemistry and biotechnological applications
Grantee:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/16291-5 - Structural and biophysical characterization of thermophilic enzymes prospected from the fungus Thielavia terrestris for biomass degradation and biotechnological products generation
Grantee:João Renato Carvalho Muniz
Support type: Regular Research Grants