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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Legume nitrogen credits for sugarcane production: implications for soil N availability and ratoon yield

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Tenelli, Sarah [1, 2, 3] ; Otto, Rafael [2] ; Quassi de Castro, Saulo Augusto [2] ; Bohorquez Sanchez, Camilo Ernesto [2] ; Schmiedt Sattolo, Thales Meinl [2] ; Kamogawa, Marcos Yassuo [4] ; Pagliari, Paulo Humberto [5] ; Nunes Carvalho, Joao Luis [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Bioethanol Sci & Technol Lab CTBE, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Soil Sci, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, Cidade Univ, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Exact Sci, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Minnesota, Southwest Res & Outreach Ctr, 23669 130th St, Lamberton, MN 56152 - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS; v. 113, n. 3, p. 307-322, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

One of the steps needed to achieve sustainable bioenergy is to reduce our reliance on synthetic nitrogen (N). Despite the fact that legume cover crops have the potential to increase soil quality and sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) yield, much information is still needed to determine amount of N available from cover crops to sequential ratoon cycles. This study was designed to assess the impacts of sunn hemp (Crotalaria spectabilis) cover crop on soil N dynamics and sugarcane ratoon response to N fertilization during two harvest seasons across three contrasting soil and climatic conditions in southern Brazil. The treatments consisted of cover crop and fallow established prior to sugarcane replanting; in addition to three N-fertilizer rates 60, 120 and 180kgNha(-1) and a 0-N control applied during the first and second ratoons. Although there was increased sugarcane yield (8-13Mgha(-1) in first ratoon and 10-16Mgha(-1) in second ratoon) in plots planted with cover crop, it was not possible to detect significant increases in soil inorganic N, microbial biomass C and Illinois Soil N Test content under cover crop compared with fallow. Cover crop with sunn hemp increased the accumulated two-year yields by 14-25Mgha(-1) at all sites and NUE (Mg stalks kg(-1)N) across all N rates at two sites. Our findings support the conclusion that cover crop did not change the N requirement of succeeding ratoon crops but increases the yield, thereby improving NUE in sugarcane systems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05591-0 - Effect of Crotalaria rotation and trash removal in soil N transformations and sugarcane response to N fertilization
Grantee:Rafael Otto
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants