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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Seasonal effects on antioxidant and anti-HIV activities of Brazilian seaweeds

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Santos, Janaina Pires [1] ; Torres, Priscila Bezerra [1] ; dos Santos, Deborah Y. A. C. [1] ; Motta, Lucimar B. [1] ; Chow, Fungyi [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY; v. 31, n. 2, p. 1333-1341, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

In recent years phytotherapy has been encouraged by Brazilian government agencies and has gained more and more credibility as a way of alternative therapy to complement allopathy. Although little explored in Brazil, seaweeds are promising marine bioresources as herbal medicine. In this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the antioxidant activities and reverse transcriptase inhibition (RT-HIV) of crude extracts (methanolic, aqueous, and hot aqueous) from three abundant species in Brazilian rocky shores, Sargassum vulgare (Ochrophyta), Palisada flagellifera (Rhodophyta), and Ulva fasciata (Chlorophyta), under two seasons (dry and rainy). Methanolic extracts from S. vulgare (EC50=18.22 +/- 2.91 mu gmg(-1), dry), P. flagellifera (EC50=24.85 +/- 3.13 mu g mg(-1), rainy), and U. fasciata (EC50=33.41 +/- 1.53 mu g mg(-1), dry) showed the highest -carotene bleaching activities, while hot aqueous extracts from S. vulgare showed the highest RT-HIV inhibition and antioxidant activities in ABTS, FRAP, and Folin-Ciocalteu assays. In general, the three macroalgae showed considerable antioxidant effects; however, only S. vulgare showed an anti-HIV potential (IC50 10.15 +/- 1.7 mg mL(-1) for the dry season and IC50=22.41 +/- 5.74 mu g mL(-1) for rainy season). Regarding both extract yields and bioactivities, S. vulgare in the rainy season was the most promising alga. In conclusion, the studied seaweeds may be an effective alternative for Brazilian herbal medicine; additionally, seasonal studies are essential, since there were significant differences mainly for extract yields. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50731-1 - Physiological and chemical biodiversity of macroalgae ecologically and economically important
Grantee:Fanly Fungyi Chow Ho
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants