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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of exogenous fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes on ruminal fermentation and performance of mid-lactation dairy cows

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Zilio, Elissandra M. C. [1] ; Del Valle, Tiago A. [1] ; Ghizzi, Lucas G. [1] ; Takiya, Caio S. [2] ; Dias, Mauro S. S. [1] ; Nunes, Alanne T. [1] ; Silva, Guilherme G. [1] ; Renno, Francisco P. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Nutr & Anim Prod, BR-13635900 Pirassununga - Brazil
[2] Kansas State Univ, Dept Anim Sci & Ind, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE; v. 102, n. 5, p. 4179-4189, MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Lactation diets are composed mostly of carbohydrates that are not fully fermented by rumen microbes. The aim of this study was to evaluate exogenous fibrolytic (Fibrozyme, Alltech Inc., Nicholasville, KY) and amylolytic (Amaize, Alltech Inc.) enzymes on nutrient intake, sorting index, total-tract apparent digestibility, ruminal fermentation, nitrogen utilization, milk yield, and composition of dairy cows in mid-lactation. Thirty-two multiparous Holstein cows (181 +/- 35 d in milk, 571 +/- 72.7 kg of body weight, and 29.6 +/- 5.24 kg/d of milk yield at the start of experiment) were blocked according to milk yield and randomly allocated to treatments in a 4 x 4 Latin square design. Treatments were (1) control, basal diet without exogenous enzymes; (2) fibrolytic enzyme (FIB), dietary supplementation of Fibrozyme at 12 g/d (51 IU of xylanase activity/kg of diet dry matter); (3) amylolytic enzyme (AMY), dietary supplementation of Amaize at 8 g/d (203 fungal amylase units/kg of diet dry matter); and (4) both fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes (FIB+AMY) added at the same dose of the individual treatments. Enzyme products were added to the concentrate during its preparation (once a week). The supply of FIB and AMY had no effect on nutrient intake and digestibility. However, an interaction effect was observed on sorting index of feed particle size between 8 and 19 mm. Amylolytic enzyme increased the sorting for feed particles between 8 and 19 mm, only when fed without FIB. In addition, AMY decreased the sorting for feed with particle size greater than 19 mm. An interaction effect was observed between FIB and AMY for ruminal butyrate concentration and N excretion. Amylolytic enzyme increased ruminal butyrate concentration in cows treated with FIB. Further, FIB decreased milk protein production and feed efficiency only in cows not fed AMY. Amylolytic enzyme reduced urinary N excretion. Exogenous enzymes had no effect on milk production and composition of dairy cows. This study lacks evidence that fibrolytic and amylolytic enzymes can affect nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, and performance of mid-lactation cows. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15711-8 - Amylolytic and fibrolytic enzymes in feeding dairy cows
Grantee:Elissandra Maiara de Castro Zilio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master