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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Enhanced Aquatic Respiration Associated With Mixing of Clearwater Tributary and Turbid Amazon River Waters

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Ward, Nicholas D. [1, 2, 3] ; Sawakuchi, Henrique O. [1, 4, 5] ; Richey, Jeffrey E. [1] ; Keil, Richard G. [1] ; Bianchi, Thomas S. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Washington, Sch Oceanog, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[2] Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Marine Sci Lab, Sequim, WA 98382 - USA
[3] Univ Florida, Dept Geol Sci, Gainesville, FL 32610 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Piracicaba - Brazil
[5] Umea Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, Umea - Sweden
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Frontiers in Earth Science; v. 7, MAY 8 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

When water bodies with unique biogeochemical constituents mix together there is potential for diverse responses by aquatic microbial communities and associated ecosystem functions. Here we evaluate bulk respiration under varying mixtures of turbid Amazon River water and two lowland tributaries-the Tapajos and Xingu rivers-based on O-2 drawdown in dark rotating incubation chambers. Experiments containing 5, 17, 33, and 50% tributary water mixed with Amazon River water were performed for the Tapajos and Xingu rivers at three different rotation velocities (0, 0.22, and 0.66 m s(-1)) during the falling water period. Pseudo first order reaction coefficients (k'), a measure of respiration potential, ranged from -0.15 to -1.10 d(-1), corresponding to respiration rates from 1.0 to 8.1 mg O-2 L d(-1). k'-values consistently increased with the rate of chamber rotation, and also was generally higher in the tributary-mainstem mixtures compared to pure endmembers. For both the Tapajos and Xingu rivers, the 17% mixture of tributary water yielded maximal k'-values, which were up to 2.9 and 2.2 times greater than in the tributary endmembers, respectively. The 50% mixtures, on the other hand, did not result in large increases in k'. We hypothesize that enhanced respiration potential after mixing unique water is driven, in part, by microbial priming effects that have been previously identified on a molecular level for these rivers. The results of this study suggest that there may be an optimal mixture for priming effects to occur in terms of the relative abundance of ``priming{''} and ``primed{''} substrates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58089-9 - The role of rivers on the regional carbon cycle
Grantee:Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants