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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Integrative taxonomy widens our knowledge of the diversity, distribution and biology of the genus Plakina (Homosclerophorida: Plakinidae)

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Muricy, Guilherme [1] ; Domingos, Celso [1, 2] ; Lage, Anatra [1] ; Lanna, Emilio [3] ; Hardoim, Cristiane C. P. [1, 4, 5] ; Laport, Marinella S. [4] ; Zilberberg, Carla [2, 6]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Invertebrados, Museu Nacl, Quinta Boa Vista S-No, BR-20940040 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Zool, Inst Biol, BR-21941090 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Bahia UFBA, Lab Embriol & Biol Reprod, Inst Biol, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Lab Bacteriol Mol & Marinha, Inst Microbiol Paulo de Goes, BR-21941902 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Lab Interacoes Hospedeiro Microbiota, Praca Infante Dom Henrique S-N Parque Bitaru, BR-11380972 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Nucleo Ecol & Desenvolvimento Ambiental Macae NUP, Inst Biodiversidade & Sustentabilidade, BR-27965045 Macae, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: INVERTEBRATE SYSTEMATICS; v. 33, n. 2, p. 367-401, APR 10 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Despite the evolutionary significance of Homoscleromorpha, their diversity and biology are largely unknown. Here we integrate data of morphology, cytology, microbiology, ecology, reproduction, and mitochondrial cox-1 and cob gene sequences to resolve a complex of sympatric species of Plakina in South-eastern Brazil. All datasets congruently supported the delimitation of three species, two of which are new to science. Plakina coerulea has its distribution extended from one locality to over 2360 km wide. Plakina cabofriense, sp. nov. also occurs in North-eastern Brazil. Plakina cyanorosea, sp. nov. occurs only in a single, small tide pool and may be critically endangered. Plakina cyanorosea, sp. nov. produces conspicuous, abundant larvae useful for laboratory investigations. A thin, bright orange organic coat covers some spicules of P. cabofriense, sp. nov. and P. cyanorosea, sp. nov. The three Plakina species harbour diverse microbial symbiont communities, including previously unknown morphologies. Molecular phylogenies and barcoding gaps based on cox-1 and cob sequences supported that each species is monophyletic and distinct from other congeners. The genus Plakina is paraphyletic and strongly needs redefinition. The integrative approach provides new data that widens our knowledge of Homoscleromorpha diversity, distribution and biology. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/10157-5 - Holobiome of the marine sponges, effects of the climate changes and biotechnological potentials: a holistic and multidisciplinary approach
Grantee:Cristiane Cassiolato Pires Hardoim
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Research Program on Global Climate Change - Young Investigators