Fernandez, Gonzalo A.
Total Authors: 5
 Observ San Calixto, La Paz - Bolivia
 Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmosper Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Journal of South American Earth Sciences;
Web of Science Citations:
The 2014 Lloja earthquake with 5.1 Mw occurred in the Eastern Cordillera of Bolivia between the Subandean belt (characterized by reverse and thrust faulting) and the Altiplano (where extensional stresses due to gravitational collapse dominate). Determination of the Lloja focal mechanism, therefore, is important to sample the transition between these two Andean stress provinces. In addition, two different moment tensor inversions had been published: a strike-slip solution with a normal component (NEIC-USGS) and a purely strike-slip solution (GCMT). A detailed relocation of the epicenter was carried out using two data sets: a) only the local stations of the La Paz network with a 1D model appropriate for the Central Andean plateau, and b) local + regional stations with the 3D RSTT model. Both epicenters agree within their uncertainties of about + - 5 km each. P-wave polarity of the local and regional stations, together with the S-wave polarity at LPAZ station, allowed the focal mechanism to be determined as a strike-slip solution with a small normal component, similar to the USGS solution. One nodal plane strikes NNE-SSW and was interpreted as the seismogenic fault because of its consistency with a) the distribution of the relocated aftershocks, and b) the NE-SW trending local Caracato - Rio La Paz geological fault near the epicenter. The strike-slip mechanism with a small component of normal faulting is consistent with a gradual transition between compressional stresses in the sub-Andean belt and extensional stresses in the Altiplano. (AU)