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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Focal mechanism of the 5.1Mw 2014 Lloja earthquake, Bolivia: Probing the transition between extensional stresses of the central Altiplano and compressional stresses of the sub-Andes

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Author(s):
Fernandez, Gonzalo A. [1] ; Assumpcao, M. [2] ; Nieto, M. [1] ; Griffiths, T. [1] ; Convers, J. [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Observ San Calixto, La Paz - Bolivia
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmosper Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 91, p. 102-107, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The 2014 Lloja earthquake with 5.1 Mw occurred in the Eastern Cordillera of Bolivia between the Subandean belt (characterized by reverse and thrust faulting) and the Altiplano (where extensional stresses due to gravitational collapse dominate). Determination of the Lloja focal mechanism, therefore, is important to sample the transition between these two Andean stress provinces. In addition, two different moment tensor inversions had been published: a strike-slip solution with a normal component (NEIC-USGS) and a purely strike-slip solution (GCMT). A detailed relocation of the epicenter was carried out using two data sets: a) only the local stations of the La Paz network with a 1D model appropriate for the Central Andean plateau, and b) local + regional stations with the 3D RSTT model. Both epicenters agree within their uncertainties of about + - 5 km each. P-wave polarity of the local and regional stations, together with the S-wave polarity at LPAZ station, allowed the focal mechanism to be determined as a strike-slip solution with a small normal component, similar to the USGS solution. One nodal plane strikes NNE-SSW and was interpreted as the seismogenic fault because of its consistency with a) the distribution of the relocated aftershocks, and b) the NE-SW trending local Caracato - Rio La Paz geological fault near the epicenter. The strike-slip mechanism with a small component of normal faulting is consistent with a gradual transition between compressional stresses in the sub-Andean belt and extensional stresses in the Altiplano. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/24215-6 - Pantanal-Chaco-Paraná basins (PCPB): crust and upper mantle seismic structure and evolution
Grantee:Marcelo Sousa de Assumpção
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/13297-0 - Seismicity and focal mechanism studies
Grantee:Jaime Andres Convers Arjona
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate