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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Emerging Role of Mesenchymal Stromal Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in Pathogenesis of Haematological Malignancies

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Author(s):
Cominal, Jucara Gastaldi [1, 2] ; Cacemiro, Maira da Costa [2] ; Pinto-Simoes, Belinda [3, 1] ; Kolb, Hans-Jochem [4, 5, 6] ; Ribeiro Malmegrim, Kelen Cristina [7, 1] ; de Castro, Fabiola Attie [7, 1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Reg Blood Ctr Ribeirao Preto, Ctr Cell Based Therapy, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Grad Program Biosci Appl Pharm, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Internal Med, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Munich, Munich - Germany
[5] Helmhotz Ctr Muenchen, Kolb Consulting UG Munchen, Munich - Germany
[6] Techn Univ, Munich - Germany
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Clin Anal Toxicol & Food Sci, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Review article
Source: STEM CELLS INTERNATIONAL; 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Homoeostasis of bone marrow microenvironment depends on a precise balance between cell proliferation and death, which is supported by the cellular-extracellular matrix crosstalk. Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are the key elements to provide the specialized bone marrow microenvironment by supporting, maintaining, and regulating the functions and fate of haematopoietic stem cells. Despite the great potential of MSC for cell therapy in several diseases due to their regenerative, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory properties, they can also contribute to modulate tumor microenvironment. The extracellular vesicles that comprise exosomes and microvesicles are important mediators of intercellular communication due to their ability to change phenotype and physiology of different cell types. These vesicles may interact not only with neighbouring cells but also with cells from distant tissues to either maintain tissue homoeostasis or participate in disease pathogenesis. This review focuses on the current knowledge about the physiological role of MSC-extracellular vesicles, as well as their deregulation in haematological malignancies and their potential applications as biomarkers for diagnosis, progression, and treatment monitoring of such diseases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/01756-5 - Immunological and functional characterization of Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in myeloproliferative neoplasms
Grantee:Maira da Costa Cacemiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/19714-7 - Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells deregulation effect on BCR-ABL1-Myeloproliferative neoplasms pathophysiology and progression
Grantee:Fabíola Attié de Castro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08135-2 - CTC - Center for Cell-Based Therapy
Grantee:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 14/50947-7 - INCT 2014: in Stem Cell and Cell Therapy
Grantee:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants