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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Morphology and distribution of antennal sensilla of Automeris liberia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)

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da Silva, Kelly Barbosa [1] ; da Silva, Chryslane Barbosa [1] ; Lisboa Ribeiro Junior, Karlos Antonio [1] ; Duarte de Freitas, Jeniffer McLaine [2] ; de Freitas, Johnnatan Duarte [2] ; Chia, Gilson Sanchez [3] ; Tinoco, Ricardo Salles [3] ; da Costa, Joao Gomes [4] ; Goulart, Henrique Fonseca [1] ; Goulart Santana, Antonio Euzebio [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Fed Alagoas UFAL, Ctr Ciencias Agr CECA, BR-57072970 Maceio, Alagoas - Brazil
[2] Inst Fed Alagoas IFAL, BR-57020600 Maceio, Alagoas - Brazil
[3] Grp Agropalma, BR-68695000 Tailandia, Para - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Tabuleiros Costeiros, BR 104 S-N, BR-57100000 Rio Largo, Alagoas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Micron; v. 123, AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The lepidopteran species Automeris liberia from the Saturniidae family is a polyphagous insect responsible for defoliating plants, such as the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jaquim). The antennae of insects play an important role in survival in various environments. Antennae are the main olfactory and sensory organs of insects and have different sensilla to detect chemical cues, movement, humidity and temperature. The olfactory structures present in the antennae are responsible for certain insect behavior, which is influenced by chemical communication. The morphology, distribution and location of the sensilla in the antennae of male and female A. liberia were investigated by scanning electron microscopy to understand the olfactory mechanisms relevant to insect-insect communication and insect-plant communication, among others. The results showed that the flagellum, scape and pedicel length and the number of antennomeres differed between the sexes and demonstrating the existence of sexual dimorphism in the antennae males (bipectinate) and females (filiform). According to the morphological data, seven types of sensilla were identified along the surface of the antennae, classified as trichodea, chaetica, basiconica, coeloconica, squamiformia, styloconica and Bohm's bristles. Among the sensilla chaetica, basiconica and Bohm's bristles, two subtypes based on length were identified in both sexes. The sensilla trichodea exhibited dimorphism since three subtypes were observed in males, while in females, only one subtype was observed, according to the length of the sensilla. Sensilla trichodea subtypes I and II were specific to males, while subtype III was observed in both sexes. These types of sensilla are involved in the recognition of pheromone molecules. Therefore, morphological study of the localization of the sensilla in the antennae will provide useful and relevant results for electrophysiological studies and behavioral tests. This information can help to understand the chemical communication of insects and helps in research directed strategies for pest control. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50871-0 - INCT 2014: National Institute of Science and Technology of Semiochemicals in Agriculture
Grantee:José Roberto Postali Parra
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants