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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Climate change and cultural resilience in late pre-Columbian Amazonia

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de Souza, Jonas Gregorio [1, 2] ; Robinson, Mark [1] ; Maezumi, S. Yoshi [1, 3] ; Capriles, Jose [4] ; Hoggarth, Julie A. [5] ; Lombardo, Umberto [6] ; Novello, Valdir Felipe [7] ; Apaestegui, James [8] ; Whitney, Bronwen [9] ; Urrego, Dunia [1] ; Alves, Daiana Travassos [1] ; Rostain, Stephen [10] ; Power, Mitchell J. [11] ; Mayle, Francis E. [12] ; da Cruz Jr, Francisco William ; Hooghiemstra, Henry [13] ; Iriarte, Jose [1]
Total Authors: 17
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[1] Univ Exeter, Dept Archaeol, Exeter, Devon - England
[2] Univ Pompeu Fabra, Dept Humanities, Barcelona - Spain
[3] Univ West Indies Mona, Dept Geog & Geol, Kingston - Jamaica
[4] Penn State Univ, Dept Anthropol, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[5] Baylor Univ, Dept Anthropol, Waco, TX 76798 - USA
[6] Univ Bern, Inst Geog, Bern - Switzerland
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Inst Geofis Peru, Lima - Peru
[9] Northumbria Univ, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Newcastle - England
[10] French Natl Ctr Sci Res, Dept Archaeol, Paris - France
[11] Univ Utah, Dept Geog, Salt Lake City, UT - USA
[12] Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading, Berks - England
[13] Univ Amsterdam, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Dynam, Amsterdam - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION; v. 3, n. 7, p. 1007-1017, JUL 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The long-term response of ancient societies to climate change has been a matter of global debate. Until recently, the lack of integrative studies using archaeological, palaeoecological and palaeoclimatological data prevented an evaluation of the relationship between climate change, distinct subsistence strategies and cultural transformations across the largest rainforest of the world, Amazonia. Here we review the most relevant cultural changes seen in the archaeological record of six different regions within Greater Amazonia during late pre-Columbian times. We compare the chronology of those cultural transitions with high-resolution regional palaeoclimate proxies, showing that, while some societies faced major reorganization during periods of climate change, others were unaffected and even flourished. We propose that societies with intensive, specialized land-use systems were vulnerable to transient climate change. In contrast, land-use systems that relied primarily on polyculture agroforestry, resulting in the formation of enriched forests and fertile Amazonian dark earth in the long term, were more resilient to climate change. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15807-5 - Paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental reconstructions over the last glacial period in the mid-west Brazil
Grantee:Valdir Felipe Novello
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/50085-3 - PIRE: climate research education in the Americas using tree-ring speleothem examples (PIRE-CREATE)
Grantee:Francisco William da Cruz Junior
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants