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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The influence of environmental conditions on Parasagitta friderici (Chaetognatha) abundance in a subtropical estuary (south Brazil)

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Nogueira Junior, Miodeli [1] ; Tosetto, Everton Giachini [2] ; Razzolini, Emanuel Luis [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Sistemat & Ecol, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Programa Posgrad Oceanog, Recife, PE - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Parana, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Conservacao, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom; v. 99, n. 4, p. 785-793, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Estuarine chaetognath population dynamics are poorly known worldwide. We have conducted eight seasonal campaigns (October 2007-August 2008) sampling three sectors in the subtropical Babitonga Bay estuary (26 degrees S 48 degrees W) in order to depict chaetognath abundance and population structure dynamics and test the influence of hydrography and food availability and type. Of three species sampled, Parasagitta friderici represented >93% of abundance in all samples and was examined in detail. There were no differences in P. friderici abundance between the sectors of the estuary, related to its high tolerance to low salinity, a feature not common for most chaetognath species. Salinity tolerance is an important adaptive characteristic to thrive within estuarine systems, and probably is responsible for the dominance of P. friderici in coastal and brackish water environments throughout most of its distribution. Juveniles dominated the population most of the year, except in February-April when abundances were lower and adults predominated. These results suggest that recruitment occurs continuously throughout the year, being more intense between October and January (spring to early summer) and in May (autumn) when densities and proportion of juveniles were higher. General Additive Models suggest that temperature and zooplankton biomass are significant (P < 0.05) factors influencing juvenile abundance while only the latter influenced the adults. We conclude that food availability is the most important driver in the studied population of P. friderici and recruitment peaks, which lead to high densities, seem to occur following peaks of their copepod prey along with particular temperature conditions (22-23 degrees C). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21290-1 - Long term (1969-2003) fluctuations on structure and abundance of gelatinous zooplankton (Cnidaria and Thaliacea) on South Brazilian Bight
Grantee:Frederico Pereira Brandini
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/09880-8 - Long-term flutuations (1963-2003) on the structure and abundance of gelatinous zooplankton (Cnidaria and Thaliacea) on South Brazilian Bight
Grantee:Miodeli Nogueira Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate