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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Combined Exercise Training Performed by Elderly Women Reduces Redox Indexes and Proinflammatory Cytokines Related to Atherogenesis

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Author(s):
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Bachi, Andre L. L. [1, 2] ; Barros, Marcelo P. [3] ; Vieira, Rodolfo P. [2, 4, 5, 6] ; Rocha, Gislene A. [2] ; de Andrade, Paula B. M. [3] ; Victorino, Angelica B. [7] ; Ramos, Luiz R. [8] ; Gravina, Claudia F. [9] ; Lopes, Jose D. [10] ; Vaisberg, Mauro [1] ; Maranhao, Raul C. [11, 12]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Inst Teaching & Res Pulm & Exercise Imm, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Cruzeiro do Sul Univ, Inst Phys Act Sci & Sports, Interdisciplinary Postgrad Program Hlth Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Anhembi Morumbi Univ, Sch Med, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[5] Brasil Univ, Postgrad Program Bioengn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Postgrad Program Sci Human Movement & Rehabil, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Neurol & Neurosurg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[9] Dante Pazzanese Inst Cardiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[11] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[12] Univ Sao Paulo, Med Sch Hosp, Heart Inst, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 12
Document type: Journal article
Source: OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY; v. 2019, AUG 5 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Cardiovascular benefits for the general population of combined aerobic-resistance exercise training are well-known, but the impact of this exercise training modality on the plasma lipid, inflammatory, and antioxidant status in elderly women that are exposed to a great risk of developing ischemic cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases has not been well investigated. So, we aimed to evaluate the plasma lipids, oxidative stress, and inflammatory cytokines in 27 elderly women (TRAINED group, 69.1 +/- 8.1yrs) that were performing moderate intensity combined aerobic-resistance exercise training (3 times/week for at least 18 months) and in 27 sedentary elderly women (SED group, 72.0 +/- 6.4yrs), not submitted to exercise training for at least 5yrs. Our results showed that BMI was lower in the TRAINED group than in the SED group (25.1 +/- 3.2 vs. 28.7 +/- 5.1, p<0.05). The TRAINED group had lower glycemia (92 +/- 3 vs. 118 +/- 12, p<0.05), glycated hemoglobin (5.9 +/- 0.1 vs. 6.4 +/- 0.2, p<0.05), and triglycerides (98 (75-122) vs. 139 (109-214), p<0.01); equal total cholesterol (199 (175-230) vs. 194 (165-220)), LDL-cholesterol (108 (83-133) vs. 109 (98-136)), and non-HDL-cholesterol (54 (30-74) vs. 62 (26-80)); and also higher HDL-cholesterol (64 (52-77) vs. 52 (44-63), p<0.01) and LDL-C/oxLDL ratio (13378 +/- 2570 vs. 11639 +/- 3113, p<0.05) compared to the SED group. Proinflammatory cytokines as IL-1 beta (11.31 +/- 2.4 vs. 28.01 +/- 4.7, p<0.05), IL-6 (26.25 +/- 7.4 vs. 49.41 +/- 17.8, p<0.05), and TNF-alpha (25.72 +/- 2.8 vs. 51.73 +/- 4.2, p<0.05) were lower in the TRAINED group than in the SED group. The TRAINED group had lower total peroxides (26.3 +/- 7.4 vs. 49.0 +/- 17.8, p<0.05) and oxidized LDL (1551 +/- 50.33 vs. 1773 +/- 74, p<0.02) and higher total antioxidant capacity (26.25 +/- 7.4 vs. 49.41 +/- 17.8, p<0.001) compared to the SED group. In conclusion, in TRAINED women, BMI was lower, plasma lipid profile was better, plasma oxidative stress was diminished, and there was less expression of proinflammatory interleukins than in SED, suggesting that combined aerobic-resistance exercise training may promote the protection against the complications of ischemic cardio- and cerebrovascular disease in elderly women. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/03742-0 - Nanoparticles that bind to lipoprotein receptors in the treatment atherosclerosis, acute myocardial infarction, post-heart transplantation status, cancer and endometriosis
Grantee:Raul Cavalcante Maranhao
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/06032-2 - Biochemical, physiological and transcriptomic strategies to study the relationship between carotenoids, oxidative stress and Citrus fruit quality.
Grantee:Marcelo Paes de Barros
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 16/04845-3 - EFFECT OF DAILY INTAKE OF Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) IN THE SYSTEMIC AND UPPER AIRWAYS IMMUNE RESPONSIVENESS OF AMATEUR MARATHON RUNNERS WHO PRESENT UPPER RESEPIRATORY SYMPTOMS
Grantee:André Luis Lacerda Bachi
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/15165-2 - Role of purinergic signaling and of SOCS-JAK-STAT signaling in the antiinflammatory effects of aerobic training in experimental models of asma and in asthmatic individuals
Grantee:Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants