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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Land-use changes and the expansion of biofuel crops threaten the giant anteater in southeastern Brazil

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Bertassoni, Alessandra [1, 2] ; Costa, Romulo Theodoro [1, 3] ; Gouvea, Jessica Abonizio [1, 3] ; Bianchi, Rita De Cassia [1, 3] ; Ribeiro, John Wesley [4] ; Vancine, Mauricio Humberto [4] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[2] Inst Pesquisa & Conservacao Tamanduas Brasil, Projeto Tamandua, Dept Pesquisa, BR-64200025 Parnaiba - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Lab Ecol Mamiferos Lema, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, LEEC, CP 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY; v. 100, n. 2, p. 435-444, APR 24 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Land-use changes impact biodiversity, and biofuel crop production and its expansion pose as an important driver of negative effects in the tropics. Understanding the influence of land-use changes on suitable habitats for species is a worldwide conservation challenge, particularly on large-sized mammals. We modeled habitat suitability of the threatened giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) in the Brazilian State of Sao Paulo. The region is the most populous and economically developed of the country and is the world's main sugarcane production area. We aimed to 1) map habitat suitability for the giant anteater population in the State; 2) assess the contributions of selected landscape and anthropogenic predictors to species habitat suitability; and 3) quantify suitable habitats in environmental protection areas and in areas threatened by the sugarcane expansion. We used a two-step analysis: First, we created a suitability map in the species' distributional range (Drange); from this map, we extracted the results for Sao Paulo State. Second, we built a regional model to predict the current scenario of Sao Paulo using the following environmental layers: 1) the resulting distributional range map for giant anteater (Drange); 2) landscape metrics; and 3) anthropogenic factors that might affect anteaters. The State of Sao Paulo presented, in general, very low values of habitat suitability. The following predictors made the greatest contribution: Drange, vegetation connectivity and distance to protected areas. Suitable habitats for anteaters within strictly protected areas are very scarce (1.6% of the total area), and 22% of the suitable areas are expected to be altered by future sugarcane expansion. Suitable habitats on private lands must play a role in conserving biodiversity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50421-2 - New sampling methods and statistical tools for biodiversity research: integrating animal movement ecology with population and community ecology
Grantee:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/04957-8 - Landscape use by giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) by satellite monitoring in Estação ecológica de Santa Barbara, São Paulo State, Brasil
Grantee:Alessandra Bertassoni da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/09676-8 - Effect of Landscape Modifications and Climate Changes on the Persistence of Amphibians in the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Maurício Humberto Vancine
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master