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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coherent South American Monsoon Variability During the Last Millennium Revealed Through High-Resolution Proxy Records

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Campos, J. L. P. S. [1] ; Cruz, F. W. [2] ; Ambrizzi, T. [1] ; Deininger, M. [3] ; Vuille, M. [4] ; Novello, V. F. [2] ; Strikis, N. M. [5]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Dept Atmospher Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Sedimentary Geol, Inst Geociencias, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Geosci, Mainz - Germany
[4] SUNY Albany, Dept Atmospher & Environm Sci, Albany, NY 12222 - USA
[5] Univ Fed Fluminense, Dept Geochem, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Geophysical Research Letters; v. 46, n. 14, p. 8261-8270, JUL 28 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The number of paleoprecipitation records from the South American Monsoon domain that cover the last millennium has increased substantially in past years. However, hitherto most studies focused only on regional aspects, thereby neglecting the role of large-scale monsoon variability and the mechanisms that link proxy locations in space and time. Here we decompose the South American Monsoon into its main modes of variability by applying a Monte Carlo principal component analysis to a compilation of 11 well-dated summer paleoprecipitation records from tropical South America. The first mode represents changes in precipitation over the core monsoon domain, while the second mode is characterized by high loadings along the fringes of the South American Monsoon over Southeastern South America and the northern monsoon limit. Composite analysis reveals an enhanced monsoon with a wider, rather than a southward displaced, South Atlantic Convergence Zone during the early Little Ice Age, in contrast to previous interpretations. Plain Language Summary The South American Monsoon is responsible for more than 70% of the annual precipitation falling over tropical South America. Due to the lack of data prior to the middle of the twentieth century, the long-term variability of the monsoon is poorly understood. Yet there are concerns that increasing greenhouse gas concentrations may significantly modify monsoon behavior in the 21st century. To better understand how the monsoon responds to such perturbations, detailed knowledge of how it varied in the past is crucial. This will facilitate improvements to Earth System Models that are used to project future rainfall changes in the region. Here 11 paleoprecipitation records that span the last millennium are analyzed using statistical techniques that allow extracting the shared variability from all records. Our result highlight how the monsoon responded in space and time to large-scale perturbations of the climate system, associated with the Little Ice Age and the Medieval Climate Anomaly. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15807-5 - Paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental reconstructions over the last glacial period in the mid-west Brazil
Grantee:Valdir Felipe Novello
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/50085-3 - PIRE: climate research education in the Americas using tree-ring speleothem examples (PIRE-CREATE)
Grantee:Francisco William da Cruz Junior
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants