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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inflammation Induced by Platelet-Activating Viperid Snake Venoms: Perspectives on Thromboinflammation

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Teixeira, Catarina [1, 2] ; Fernandes, Cristina Maria [1, 2] ; Leiguez, Elbio [1, 2] ; Chudzinski-Tavassi, Ana Marisa [3, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Butantan Inst, Lab Pharmacol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Butantan Inst, Ctr Excellence New Target Discovery, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Butantan Inst, Lab Mol Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 10, SEP 4 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Envenomation by viperid snakes is characterized by systemic thrombotic syndrome and prominent local inflammation. To date, the mechanisms underlying inflammation and blood coagulation induced by Viperidae venoms have been viewed as distinct processes. However, studies on the mechanisms involved in these processes have revealed several factors and signaling molecules that simultaneously act in both the innate immune and hemostatic systems, suggesting an overlap between both systems during viper envenomation. Moreover, distinct classes of venom toxins involved in these effects have also been identified. However, the interplay between inflammation and hemostatic alterations, referred as to thromboinflammation, has never been addressed in the investigation of viper envenomation. Considering that platelets are important targets of viper snake venoms and are critical for the process of thromboinflammation, in this review, we summarize the inflammatory effects and mechanisms induced by viper snake venoms, particularly from the Bothrops genus, which strongly activate platelet functions and highlight selected venom components (metalloproteases and C-type lectins) that both stimulate platelet functions and exhibit pro-inflammatory activities, thus providing insights into the possible role(s) of thromboinflammation in viper envenomation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/24701-3 - Studies of effects of a snake venom phospholipase A2 on cells from the adipose tissue: Adipogenesis and inflammatory response
Grantee:Elbio Leiguez Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/50040-4 - Rational approach for searching molecular targets involved in inflammatory events and cell survival
Grantee:Ana Marisa Chudzinski-Tavassi
Support type: Research Grants - Research Centers in Engineering Program