Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

NANOTOXICOLOGY OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES: TOXICITY IN ANINALS AND HUMANS

Full text
Author(s):
Nelson Durán ; Wallace R. Rolim ; Marcela Durán ; Wagner J. Fávaro ; Amedea B. Seabra
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Química Nova; v. 42, n. 2, p. 206-213, Fev. 2019.
Abstract

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have important antimicrobial activity. These nanoparticles are present in several commercial products, leading to human and environmental exposure. This review presents a critical view of the toxic effects of Ag NPs on in vitro and in vivo biological models. It is noteworthy that the toxicity of AgNPs is dependent on several parameters, such as the preparation mode of the colloidal suspension of the nanoparticles, their state of aggregation, the chemical nature of the nanoparticles, surface size, morphology, dose, cell type, nature of the living organism, among others. In general, low concentrations of AgNPs do not present significant toxicity in in vitro and in vivo assays, however with the increase of the concentration of AgNPs there is a significant increase of nanoparticle toxicity and its accumulation in diverse tissues/organs. It should be emphasized that in living organisms, exposure routes should be taken into account, such as ingestion and inhalation. At high concentrations, inhalation or ingestion of AgNPs can cause adverse effects and even lead to human death. In this context, the importance of further studies of the toxicity of AgNPs in several in vitro and in vivo models is emphasized. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/10347-6 - S-nitrosothiol containing nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, cytotoxicity and applications
Grantee:Amedea Barozzi Seabra
Support type: Regular Research Grants