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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Small-scale distribution of the mesozooplankton in a tropical insular system

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de Santana Campelo, Renata Polyana [1, 2] ; Garcia Diaz, Xiomara Franchesca [1] ; Santos, Gleice [1] ; de Castro Melo, Pedro Augusto Mendes [1] ; Melo Junior, Mauro [3] ; Pereira Figueiredo, Lucas Guedes [1] ; Silva, Andrea Pinto [1] ; Arruda Bezerra, Luis Ernesto [3] ; Flores Montes, Manuel de Jesus [1] ; Neumann-Leitao, Sigrid [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Ctr Tecnol & Geociencias, Museu Oceanog, Lab Zooplancton, Av Arquitetura S-N, Cidade Univ, BR-50740550 Recife, Pe - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Ceara, Inst Ciencias Mar, Av Abolicao 3207, BR-60165081 Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, Dept Biol, Lab Ecol Plancton, Rua Dom Manuel de Medeiros S-N, BR-52171900 Recife, Pe - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Journal of Oceanography; v. 66, n. 1, p. 15-29, JAN-MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

In the present work, spatial and seasonal fluctuations of the abundance and diversity of mesozooplankton are presented, with special attention being given to copepod assemblages from coastal area of the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (FNA) (3 degrees 50'24{''}S and 32 degrees 24'48{''}W). Sampling was carried out during the dry and rainy seasons of two consecutive years (July and December 2013) and (June and November 2014). A total of 37 mesozooplankton taxa were recorded, being the copepods the most diversified group (15 taxa). The Subclass Copepoda dominated in both periods sampled, comprising 53% and 86% of the total abundance in the dry and rainy season respectively. The species considered abundant were: Calanopia americana, Undinula vulgaris, Oithona plumifera and Corycaeus speciosus. The rainy season favored a significant increase in the abundance of mesozooplankton and copepods. However, a low value of the ShannonWiener diversity index was observed in this same seasonal period. This was explained by the dominance of the species C. americana and U. vulgaris in the studied area. Spatial differences have not been verified. The copepod assemblages was composed mostly by species considered as predator-carnivours of greater importance on the pelagic trophic web, indicators of oligotrophic conditions and components of a major portion of fish food items. Thus, we suggest that a spatially homogeneous mesozooplankton community characterizes the coastal area of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago with variations related mainly to the seasonal factor. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50582-0 - Balance study of the carbon cycle in the coastal region and its potential ocean transportation: with emphasis on the coast of Pernambuco (Carecos)
Grantee:Elisabete de Santis Braga da Graça Saraiva
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants